Akhenaten and Constantine Essay

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World Religion 5 April 2012 Akhenaten and Constantine Belief in monotheism can be trace back to eighteenth dynasty Egypt when there was a dynamic shift of religious philosophy, this occurred during the rule of a very bold and controversial lost pharaoh by the name of “Akhenaten” . One thousand years later another ruler led different revolution of the religious kind; the Emperor ”Constantine the Great” of Rome. Both these men brought about the departure of their countries traditional religion in favor of a new theology; only Constantine was able to have long lasting influence after his death. To better understand their contributions to history I’ll examine the early influences of each of these two influential men, and the culture and politics of their time. Discovering what led up to the dynamic shifts from their traditional religious beliefs. First we will examine Akhenaton’s life and institution of “Atenism” in ancient Egypt; seeking the answer to the question of why his religion failed to thrive after his death. Secondly I’ll delve into Constantine’s life to decipher what his motivations were in stopping the persecution “Christianity”, and why he championed the Christian Church within the Roman State, thus changing the face of his country forever. The enigmatic Pharaoh “Amenhotep IV” who was to become Akhenaten ruled Egypt between 1353-1334 BCE. After being made Pharaoh he would instigate a revolutionary shift of power within the pantheon of Egyptian deities; in favor of his chosen god “Aten”. He was the second son of Amenhotep III, and Chief Queen Tiye. Young Amenhotop IV was raised with the polytheistic theology of traditional Egyptian. His father believed in the “New Solar Theology” which had to do with the sun and its daily course that assures the “existence of the cosmos

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