The HIV test is designed to detect antibodies to HIV in your blood or saliva. Antibodies are proteins produced by your body when you have an infection and they help fight infection.” I asked, “Does this test other things?” Dr. Tan said, “The HIV test does not indicate whether you have AIDS, how long you have been infected, or how sick you might be. It just indicates whether you are infected with the virus. Now, about the test. Since this is a drop-off clinic, you are seen in order of arrival; therefore, you may have to wait for a little while other people are getting tested.
The Human Immunodeficiency virus tremendously affects the immune system. 1. HIV destroys the CD4+ T cells which are crucial to helping the body fight diseases. (AIDS, 2011) 2. HIV can lead to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome which is commonly known as AIDS.
Why They Are Not Allowed Since the 1980’s, gay men have been banned from donating blood due to the belief that they are more likely to be affected by HIV/ AIDS. According to the Public Health Agency of Canada, “in 2008, the MSM (men who have sex with men) exposure category continued to account for the largest proportion of positive HIV test reports among adults, representing 45.1% (557) of positive tests reported” (Public Health Agency of Canada, 2011). Along with this, they represented 44% of new infections, and 19% of the affected group were unaware of their infection. Because of this, the governments of more than 25 countries have placed bans on men who have had sex with other men in certain time frames, ranging from 1-36 years, with some stating that if they have had sex with other men at all in their lives, they are ineligible. However, the main cause of HIV in gay men is not solely having sex with other men, but rather UNPROTECTED sex with an HIV positive partner.
The total number of HIV/AIDS cases reported in the country was in the hundreds according to the statistics from the National Center for AIDS and STD Control. The HIV rate of infection increased from .5% to 69% in 1995. The HIV/AIDS awareness and surveillance needed to be strengthened. Many Nepalese women worked as prostitutes in several large Indian cities. Epidemiological evidence indicated that the primary mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS in Nepal was heterosexual contact with CSWs followed by intravenous drug use.
Comprehensive Sex Education vs. Abstinence Only “Men give love to get sex while women have sex to get love” (Healy). According to medical doctor Bernadine Healy more than 75 percent of teens have engaged in sexual intercourse by the time they turned the age of nineteen. While the problem of pregnancy is decreasing it is still a very high number and a problem in our society. Some feel abstinence is the best way of teaching sexual education but the statistics and studies prove that wrong. Abstinence education is an outdated teaching practice.
Once the HIV virus had established itself within a host, it was down to human activity to spread the virus. The HIV virus is spread from person to person mainly via sexual intercourse, specifically bodily fluid transmissions, these include blood, semen, vaginal fluid and breast milk. However if people did not move about, then HIV/AIDS would not have become a global problem and would have stayed mainly in one area.  HIV/AIDS was able to spread globally and amplify due to the movement of humans via trails, roads, migration and aeroplanes. As one person infected with HIV may not see any symptoms for around 10 years, that one person is able to infect every person that they are sexually involved with.
“Today more than 1.1 million Americans are living with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, and one fifth of Americans do not know they are infected with the virus” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010, para. 2). “ The current prevalence per 100,000 population as of December 31, 2010 are 144.2 per 100,000 residents in Ohio, 333.4 per 100,000 residents in Cuyahoga County, and 763.1 per 100,000 residents in Cleveland” (Cleveland Department of Public Health, 2011, p. 1). The prevalence rates of the City of Cleveland are twice the level of Cuyahoga County and 5.3 times greater than Ohio prevalence. In Cleveland, the prevalence levels for Black/African America non-Hispanic residents are 824.8 per 100,000 population, about twice that for White non-Hispanic with HIV/AIDS at 438.3 per 100,000 population (Cleveland Department of Public Health, 2011).
HIV/AIDS Argument According to "The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the United States," it reported that "in 2010, HIV was the 7th leading cause of death for those ages 25-44, down from #1 in 1994 and 1995." HIV becomes a huge epidemic not only in the U.S but also in the world. Therefore, people have to prevent HIV/AIDS increased; however, people use the wrong methods to prevent HIV by discriminating people with HIV, taking their benefit of society, or taking their work and pushing them in pressure of HIV infected. Both society and government should support or do not support to help HIV people to have a good future. Society should support them to join the workforce because working is a good reason to improve HIV/AIDS disease.
Sex workers sometimes end up pregnant and they have a hard time finding out the father of their children truly is. It is very important to wear a condom during sexual activities. The sexual contact between prostitutes and married men is one of the leading causes of the spread of AIDS into the general population. Even though the prostitutes can catch sexually transmitted diseases, there should be a program to give prostitutes special care to treat them and help them prevent getting any diseases (Robert). Legalizing prostitution could significantly reduce the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) such as Aids (Hart).