"Agriculture Was Making a Much Stronger Contribution to the Soviet Economy by 1941 Than It Had Done by 1928" Explain Why You Agree or Disagree.

684 Words3 Pages
In 1928 the Politburo voted unanimously for "emergency measures", they started to forcibly confiscate grain from the peasants so they would be able to increase output and therefore pay for the industrialisation that Russia desperately needed, this then lead to the collectivisation of farms which on paper was meant to increase production and therefore allow for more money to be made to pay for the industrialisation. By the 1930's peasants were very bitter the the regime, And many killed their own cattle and other life stock so the state could not take the produce off them, this lead to the famine in 1932-1933. I can see there is strong evidence on both sides for gains for the Soviet economy in both 1928 and by 1941 but also for losses. Some would argue that in 1928 agriculture gave little contribution towards the Russian economy. At this point grain was forcibly taken by communists due to a grain shortage that had began in 1927, this was referred to as the "Urals-Siberian method", which was named after the area the practice started in. This forced method had a negative effect on the economy as peasants were unwilling to exchange the grain for money as they did not think the communist currency was "safe" and therefore it resulted in peasants hoarding and hiding grain from their selves (to sell for profit at the private markets). Furthermore less than 2% of farms were collectivised by 1928 meaning very little was being contributed to the economy by this new regime at this point as although these farm were supposedly more efficient and modern farms there was such a small percentage that it is unlikely the state was able to collect enough produce to be able to sell abroad to help pay for industrialisation or feed the towns. It was also that by 1928 the amount of grain seized by the state was falling since prior years during the "war communism" policy. However
Open Document