Agricultural Biotechnology Essay

1018 WordsFeb 21, 20125 Pages
Agricultural Biotechnology The United Nations with 189 world leaders created an agreement in the year 2000 that by the year 2015 they would achieve eight goals to try and end extreme poverty called the Millennium Development Goals. The first of these goals is to end hunger. I believe countries seeking to meet this goal should invest heavily into agricultural biotechnology and more specifically genetically modified crops. Genetically modified crops are food or feed developed using tools of agricultural biotechnology. The easiest way to describe how this is done is through use of molecular techniques to simply cut and paste genes from one cell to another.(FAO 1) This results in crops that are better than any found in nature alone. Genetically modified crops can create better food security for both the poverty stricken and ordinary farmers by increasing productivity. According to the study "Tanzanian farmers' knowledge and attitudes to GM biotechnology and the potential use of GM crops to provide improved levels of food security. A Qualitative Study." potential benefits of using genetically modified crops are: improved resistance to pests, diseases, herbicides, and even tolerance to environmental stresses such as drought or increased temperature. Further mentioned in the study was the possibility of improved tolerance with reduced growing seasons so that crops need a shorter growing season producing them quicker with the same amount of crops yielded. (Nawabu 2) These modifications would provide farmers with a better guaranteed crop survival rate with possible low risk to the environment that pesticides/insecticides can harm. One issue brought up by the opposition is the potential it has to impact human health, for example allergies to such crops grown. In “Genetically modified food from crops: progress,pawns, and possibilities” by Morin she addresses this issue

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