Aggression Is Necessary for Survival: Discuss. Base Your Answer on Psychological Theories and Models Introduced in Class. Essay

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The first thing is to differentiate anger from aggression. Aggression can be an expression of anger, but is not necessarily so. Aggression is the use of power or strength, either verbally or physically, against someone else in order to cause harm and is not necessarily the result of anger but can be quite calculated and intentional. Anger is part of the ‘fight or flight’ response. When the hypothalamus is stimulated by a trigger, a series of nerve cells start to fire and chemicals are released to prepare our body for running or fighting. When this fight or flight response is activated chemicals like adrenaline, noradrenalin and cortisol are released into our bloodstream and our bodies undergo a series of changes: our respiratory rate and blood pressure increase, blood is diverted away from our vital organs and sent to our muscles and limbs, our awareness intensifies, our sight sharpens, our impulses quicken, our perception of pain lessens, our immune system mobilises and we are prepared, physically and psychologically, to run or to fight. So, anger is an emotional, physiological and cognitive state: we feel it as a strong emotion, it has physiological effects on our body and it is also cognitive in that it triggers thoughts which have an effect on what we choose to do - retaliate with anger or rationalise the action that has caused the anger and choose to be conciliatory. Everyone has angry feelings from time to time. It is a normal adaptive emotion and as such, not in itself problematic. In fact, in some situations anger gives us the strength to challenge injustice or to make necessary changes in our lives. However, anger can become aggression, and this is when problems arise. Aggression is not always a response to a trigger or a threat. In Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, the basic requirements for food, shelter and safety are paramount and, even today, these needs

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