Ageing Population in the Uk Essay

1787 WordsSep 6, 20158 Pages
Ageing population in the UK Why do we have an ageing population? In the UK there are 10 million people who are over the age of 65, that is 16% of the population. People are living longer because we have better healthcare, better more varied and reliable diets, medical care has improved, medicines have become more advanced, we have good education and more money to spend on luxuries. In the UK people are getting married later and are having fewer children. Life expectancy is 81 years for women and 76 for men. However, increased life expectancy combined with declining birth rates have caused many to worry about the cost of an ageing population. Many countries across the world have what is known as an ageing population. This involves an increase in the median age of the population, an increasing proportion of people living to old age (and in many cases extreme old age above 85 years). 65% of the population are economically active, 19% of the population are under the age of 15 and 16% are over 65. This means that for every 100 people working there are almost 54 people who are dependants. The consequences of the ageing population for an economy The increasing number of very old people has put a strain on healthcare services and social care services. Very old people have particular needs (e.g. decreasing mobility, loss of eye sight etc.) that mean they need other people to do things for them. Health care is in ever increasing demand in the UK and it is proven that the elderly visit their doctor more often and have more home visits. They also occupy hospital beds for longer. The government of a country has to find money to pay for this care. Many countries face a pensions crisis whereby there is not enough money to cover the increasing pension demands of a population. In the UK the wages of the current generation pay the pensions of today's OAPs, but with

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