Xavier Baker Chapter 3-Age of Exploration Section 1 Assessment 1.Dutch East India Company was formed to establish and direct trade throughout Asia. -Treaty of Tordesillas was a treaty signed by Spain and Portugal -Vasco De Gama was a Portuguese Explorer who explored the east African coast. -Prince Henry was the son of Portugal’s king. -Bartolomeu Dias was an early Portuguese explorer. 2.Europeans seek new trade routes is the most significant because it opened up new trading opportunities.
Exploration and expansion could just boil down to the two most popular motives, money and power, but there was much more that encouraged the discovery of the new world and voyages around Africa. In Europe countries were just starting to form such as Portugal in 1380 Spain in 1469 and France 1480 so these new governments where looking to expand their holdings. Portugal united under King John I was largely responsible for the start of European exploration worldwide. King Johns I’s son Prince Henry the Navigator was a huge advocate of sailing and helped develop a new lighter ship. This new design would allow boats to sail farther and faster with fewer resources.
There are many motives for which the Europeans pursued imperialism in the 19th century, either for national prestige and glory, social Darwinism or even the White Man’s Burden. However the motive for which is most importantly noted for is profit from trade of materials and slaves from the new colonies of the European Empires. The colonizers traded slaves from Africa to the Americas and gained access to raw materials spread all throughout Africa. Europeans began conquering Africa and Asian in the early 16th century. Portugal was the 1st country to colonize.
HIST 2111 Survey of United States History to 1877 During the early 1400s the Europeans sought to trade with Asia, which encouraged Christopher Columbus to begin his voyage in 1492. The Europeans conquest was about three things: gold, God, and glory. “Europeans were especially attracted by the lure of Asia, a near-mythical land of silks, jewels, and millions of “heathens” to be Christianized.” (Tindall, Shi, pg. 9). Although the motivation of the Europeans conquest was about gold, God, and glory neither outweighed the other.
The Age of Exploration, also known as the Great Navigations, was a period in history starting in the early 15th century and continuing into the early 17th century during which Europeans engaged in intensive exploration of the world, establishing direct contacts with Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania and mapping the planet. Historians often refer to the Age of Exploration as the pioneer Portuguese and Spanish long-distance maritime travels in search of alternative trade routes to the Indies, moved by the trade of gold, silver and spices. During this time period newer conquests of foreign lands and discoveries were made all due to the immense contributions of the advances in maritime technology. Such technological advances that aided the early pioneers were the quadrant. The quadrant was a device for measuring the angular height of a star or the sun.
During the years between 650 an 1750 AD, the Indian Ocean saw changes and continuities in commerce through new methods of transportation, new commodities, and new European involvement. Innovation in transportation, new and unexpected commodities, and the Europeans spurned change in commerce in the Indian Ocean region from 650 to 1750 AD. Change in commerce in the Indian Ocean began with the invention of the Dhow. An Arab invention, Dhows are ships whose sails can maximize monsoon winds that are often found in the Indian Ocean. This enabled trade that region to occur faster than ever before.
The astrolabe was invented during the 1400s and was perfected by the Muslims during the Age of Exploration. The Age of Exploration all so known as the Age of discovery was a period when the Europeans engaged in intensive exploration of the world. While exploring Bartolomeu Dias, an early Portuguese explorer, explained his motives: “To serve God, to give light to those who were in darkness, and to grew rich as all men desire to do” which was also known as “God, Glory, and Gold and were the primary motives for exploration. Soon the technological advance such as the astrolabe made this possible. The relationship between the astrolabe and the age of exploration was that the astrolabe was a navigational tool that sea captain could used to calculate latitude, or how far north or south of the equator the ship
Access to commodities such as fabrics, spices, and gold motivated a European quest for a faster means to reach South Asia. It was this search that led the Portuguese down the coast of West Africa to Sierra Leone in 1460. Due to several technological and cultural advantages, Portugal dominated world trade for nearly 200 years, from the fifteenth to the sixteenth centuries. While, in the fifteenth century, the rest of Europe was decimated by the Black Plague, Portugal was protected by its physical isolation. Additionally, Portugal had an unusually strong national identity, due to its natural geographic borders, allowing the pooling of the considerable economic resources necessary to fund these ambitious explorations.
attacks and revolts broke out b. Moctezuma was killed (by whom?) c. the Spanish were forced to flee 4. when the Spanish returned: (explain) 5. Cortes conquered the Aztecs and became one of the richest men in the world J. The Spanish continued colonizing North America, establishing many cities that are still round today K. Balboa’s discovery of the Pacific (from America) triggered a rush of non-Spanish speaking explorers looking for the Northwest Passage 1. importance of finding the Northwest Passage: (explain) 2. while Spain was establishing colonies in southern North America, England and France were exploring the northern parts (current day United States and Canada) L. England will ultimately challenge Spain for the “rights to the sea” 1. Sir Francis Drake was an English “sea dog” (pirate) who raided Spanish ships returning with valuables 2.
idetify/explain one aspect of ESP that demonstrates a continuity or change which occured between the age of exploration/colonization and the early modern period The Age of Discovery, also known as the Age of Exploration, was a period in history starting in the early 15th century and continuing into the early 17th century during which Europeans engaged in intensive exploration of the world, establishing direct contacts with Africa, the Americas, Asia and Oceania and mapping the planet. Historians often refer to the 'Age of Discovery' as the pioneer Portuguese and Spanish long-distance maritime travels in search of alternative trade routes to "the Indies", moved by the trade of gold, silver and spices.  In history, the early modern era of modern history follows the late Middle Ages. Historians refer to the period around 1500-1800. The events include the beginning of European colonialism, the rise of strong centralized governments, and the beginnings of recognizable nation-states that are the direct antecedents of today's states.