Age Of Enlightenment Essay

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Matthew Beltran University of Vermont English: World Literature Age of Enlightenment Candide, ou l'Optimisme is a French satire first published in 1759 by Voltaire, a philosopher of the Age of Enlightenment. The novella has been widely translated, with the main English version titled Candide. The novela begins with a young man, Candide, who is living a privileged life in an Edenic paradise and being indoctrinated with theories of optimism by his mentor, Pangloss. The piece of work goes deep into the hasty termination of his life he is living. The novella takes us through Cadides’s leisurely, painful disenchantment as he experiences and views the hardships the world has to offer. Voltaire concludes Candide with the outright rejection of optimism. The writer of the novella, François-Marie Arouet, better known as Volatire, was a French Enlightenment writer, historian and philosopher famous for his wit and for his advocacy of civil liberties, including freedom of religion, free trade and separation of church and state. Voltaire was a prolific writer, producing works in almost every literary form, including plays, poetry, novels, essays, and historical and scientific works. Voltaire was one of several Enlightenment figures ,along with Montesquieu, John Locke, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and Émilie du Châtelet, whose works and ideas influenced important thinkers of both the American and French Revolutions. All of these philosophers emerged from the Age of Enlightenment, a major part of the evolution of society and the advance in knowledge . It promoted intellectual interchange and opposed intolerance and abuses in Church and state. The Age of Enlightenment also be come one of histories major supporters of the religion Deism. In this essay
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