With increasing health care and financial needs, and the changes in family and peer relationships, older adults have a difficult time with their self-esteem and acceptng their life in this final stage. There is hope, however, for the people in late adulthood. If they continue to remain active in social, political, and occupational settings, the will keep their sense and role in society. * * Social and Role changes * In the United States, there are negative views about growing older. “However, people in many other parts of the world think and feel positively about aging and assign a positive value and meaningful role to the aging members of their communities” (Williford, 1998, p.4).
The young generation needs to understand the importance of the older generation, and learn to listen and communicate effectively. With the advancements of technology in health care, people are living longer. As the elderly population increases, we must understand how older individuals are perceived. When negative perceptions arise, strategies to overcome these perceptions must be implemented. Individuals who have negative attitudes toward the elderly may lead to discrimination or mistreatment, either intentional or un-intentional.
It proposes that successful aging occurs when older adults stay active and maintain social interactions. It takes the view that the ageing process is delayed and the quality of life is enhanced when old people remain socially active. The theory was developed by Robert J Havighurst in 1961. In 1964, Bernice Neugarten asserted that satisfaction in old age depended on active maintenance of personal relationships and endeavors. This theory views the individual as a well-adjusted person who takes a variety of social roles through participating in activities via voluntary
Depending on which theory the elderly may fit into, I can say for certain that they take very different approaches in terms of their thoughts and views on the ageing process. Due to the varying lifestyles of these individuals the provision of services are influenced directly and can vary depending on the focus given to a particular style of lifestyle. These particular provisions are there to motivate a more healthy and active lifestyle. Services such as day centres are created for the elderly people to allow them to stay social and interacting with society. Other forms of provision are also present such as the volunteers from civic organisations, care homes, churches which will come and spend time with the individual which in turn will help them to stay socially active during these times, for example if they have no family the company of others will help them stay engaged to society, the worker may even show videos of the outside world to prevent them from disengaging.
Define the “activity theory”, and discuss the relevance of this theory to the older person. Activity Theory: Activity theory is a theory that links keeping physically active with happiness and successful aging. As we get older we give up many things such as we retire, we become widows or widowers, we drop out of social clubs and so on. The elderly need to replace the things they give up with new hobbies and activities. (Crisp & Taylor, 2009) See p. 224 4.
What are the main conclusions drawn from research regarding the effect of memory/cognition training? Contrast these theories: Activity theory states that the more active and involved older adults are, the more likely they are to be satisfied with their lives. Socioemotional selectivity theory states that older adults become more selective about their social networks. Because they place a high value on emotional satisfaction, older adults spend more time with familiar individuals with whom they have had rewarding relationships. Selective optimization with compensation theory states that successful aging depends on three main factors: selection, optimization, and compensation (SOC).
1.2 Younger people with dementia may have different needs to people aged over 65 requiring a different type of service or a response appropriate to their age. In general, younger people with dementia are more likely to: Be in work at the time of diagnosis, have dependent children, have heavy financial commitments such as paying a mortgage, have a rarer form of dementia with which professionals are less familiar, find it difficult to rationalise losing skills at such a young age, find it more difficult to access appropriate information and support. Much of the support for people with dementia comes from family and friends, who provide unpaid care. Younger people with dementia are more likely to have younger partners and family, who may be in work and/or education. This may mean that their friends and family are also less available to provide support for them.
Adult Development and Aging Life is characterized by transformations; every aspect of the human being changes along the whole lifespan during both development and aging. As people get older, major challenges impact on their ability to engage in everyday tasks. There are numbers of known physiological changes as a person get older, which could affect in one sensory, biological and cognitive need. As a result, the elderly are at higher risk for adverse physiological consequences during acute illness, including impairment in functional status at their own home. What are some of the proposed changes we could do to help an elderly couple so that they are more adaptive to their needs?
P4 Explain two theories of ageing When people gradually age, they begin getting affected by different life factors for example a loved one’s death or them developing an illness. How the individual is affected by these life factors depends on their attitude and beliefs. For example if the individual is a person with a positive outlook on life, he/she will maintain this attitude even if they are going through pain with having a serious illness. On the other hand someone who always is negative towards life will become depressed. Different theorists have different ideas on how people respond to ageing.
The better we are informed we are about aging and what to expect, the better we are able to evaluate and resist many of the inaccurate and negative stereotypes of aging. Listen to seniors, who have experienced ageism, they are in the best position to tell us how ageism affects their lives. It is very common for older adults to face discrimination in housing, health, and other key services. They may be treated as burdens on services, excluded from or simply refused admission to services. Learn