At one time another son, Ellory, was involved in the case but was voluntarily dismissed from the action because he had graduated from the school system pendent lite, meaning pending litigation. The Schempp family where members of the Unitarian Church of Germantown, Philadelphia, and of the Unitarian faith. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania had a statute at the time that required at least ten verses from the Holy Bible to be read, without comment, at the opening of each public school on each school day along with a reciting of the Lord’s Prayer. The case was originally tried in The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania. The case was nowhere near the first to challenge prayer in schools, but it was the first to ever reach a federal court.
Case Study: Counts vs. Cedarville School District Situation The Counts v. Cedarville School District court case was about the Harry Potter book series. After receiving a complaint from a parent, the Cedarville School Board voted 3-2 to remove all of the books from the Harry Potter series from the open shelves of public school libraries. Students who wished to read or check out these books could do so only with written parental permission. Several students and their parents filed suit, seeking the return of the books to the open shelves. In the course of discovery, the School Board members who voted to remove the books acknowledged that they had not read many of the books and that they removed them because they exposed students to the "religion of witchcraft."
This angered the German public as they thought that the government’s plan would just make living harder if they did increase the taxes. Taking advantage of this, Hitler told the public that the reparations and the Treaty of Versailles was to blame for Germany’s hardship. When America recalled all the loans that they gave Germany, Germany was left in immense debts. This proved Hitler’s point that the reparations and the Treaty of Versailles were wrong. After that the people of Germany began to vote for Hitler because the Weimar government had proved itself useless and Hitler was the only one offering a way out.
The Depression which began in 1929 was a great mean for Hitler to come to his power. During the Depression (1929-33), the Weimar Republic was seriously undermined by the social and economic conditions, which were also exploited by the Nazi Party. The Nazi ideologies appealed to those people who had seen no hope on the Republic. The Party promised people jobs, money, and homes, plus, they also wanted to abolish the Treaty of Versailles so there wouldn’t be huge reparations. That’s what German people want; they liked to be reminded of the humiliation caused by the War, and they wanted to get it back from the Republic.
Adolf Hitler did not plan genocide for the Jews but wished instead to move them out of Europe” (Cohen- Almagor, 2008, 216). When Holocaust deniers enter the classroom as educators, students are indoctrinated with false history thus creating a prejudice and bigoted generation who will continue to preach hate. Rather, if students learn about the attempted annihilation of European Jewry, it allows them to appreciate and understand where racism can lead if left unchecked. Without a sensitive and unique Holocaust education, denial might be the only interpretation of history presented to students, thus propagating a hateful and racist society. History’s most extreme example of anti- Semitism, the Holocaust, was the state sponsored bureaucratic systematic persecution and annihilation of
• Small numbers of teachers felt that the Nazi regime was letting pupils down academically, and decided to teach beyond the regime; however this came at a huge risk. Teachers could be caught out by other teachers, the Gestapo and even the pupils. • “There is no longer any intellectual freedom…and education is being degraded by political interference. Some don’t realise any countries exist except Germany” – Dr. Schuster, “Darkness over Germany” 1945 Failure in the Indoctrination of Students • Another weakness of the new Nazi Education Policy was that the pupils were fully aware of the constant bombardment of
In 1995, she completed the first manuscript, which was rejected by twelve publishing house until a year later she was accepted by Editor Barry Cunningham from the small publisher Bloomsbury (“J.K. Rowling”). J.K. Rowling’s works on Harry Potter have been heavily attacked for her topics on witchcraft, sorcery, and Satanism, which the opponents say the book promotes interest in the occult for children. The protest against Harry Potter, the book, follows a tradition that has been growing since the early 1980s in the U.S. (“Is Harry Potter Evil? By Judy Blume”).
How does Charles Dickens criticize Victorian attitudes to education in the first three chapters of Hard Times? Charles Dickens had a difficult early life was. At the age of 12 he had not yet attended school but rather was earning the main wage of his family in a bleak blacking factory. His dreams and ambitions of becoming and educated gentleman diminishing, he expresses his angst in one of his early diaries “I felt my early hopes of growing up to be a learned and distinguished man crushed in my breast”. His painful early experiences perhaps go some way in explaining Dickens criticizing attitude to Victorian life.
They embark upon a seemingly innocent classroom experiment, which develops into a problem somewhat like that in Nazi Germany. The novel demonstrates how power corrupts and how relationships can easily be torn apart when ones individuality is lost. Morton Rhue also examines the links between the class and Nazi Germany. Throughout the wave, the author explains how the students become obsessed with their experimental movement , and carry out its salutes, chants, and symbols everywhere just like the Nazi’s did in the time of the holocaust. ‘Just remember that the popular thing is not always the right thing’ (54).The wave demonstrates several examples of the power of peer pressure and the harm it can cause.
The Pledge of Allegiance is a famous American passage and includes the phrase “one nation under God”. Many Americans were concerned that children were still reciting such phrases in the classroom and consequently the Pledge of Allegiance was banned. In 1987, Attorney General Edwin Reese was accused of “muddying the waters” on school prayer. Turner Rose felt that Reese was a supporter of the official school prayer but in fact he was not. The Director of Public Affairs in Washington, Terry Eastland states, “Neither the United States nor any state shall compose the words of any prayer to be said in public