In this paper I discuss a Neostoic notion of human emotions in connection to homophobia, linking homophobia to an emotion of disgust and shame. However, I show that these emotions are learned and culturally constructed (and how negative they are). In order to change and modify these to positive human relations I propose a new philosophy or rather a new philosophical technique, I invented, called philosophical clowning and is based on the Epicurean premise: 'empty is the argument of the philosopher which does not relieve any human suffering.' So philosophy of clowning is a technique which promotes a peaceful, playful, joyous, kind, compassionate and explored life - yours and with the others and offers one of the new ways towards a peaceful, democratic and compassionate society.
1. In the Neostoic view (such as held by Martha Nussbaum and Carl Ratner) emotions are just the other side of the coin of our rational and moral reasoning which composes our world-view, (a set of concepts, values, beliefs and emotions that can change due to new insights and experiences). Let's look at this Neostoic view of the emotions as cognitive and evaluative personal judgements, and how they are also connected to cultural (macro) attitudes, beliefs and social relations.
Nussbaum says that it is as important to nourish and cultivate prosocial emotions (love, compassion, peace, goodness) as to create institutions of justice. Her Neostoic view of emotions springs from the stoic philosopher Hrisip. Hrisip inherited from Plato, Aristotle and Epicur, an outlook of emotions as being right or wrong, true or false, in regard to our rational judgement of the present situation. If we attribute to someone or something a high value then (s)he gives a great pleasure and joy by his/her presence or sadness and anger with their absence. This means that emotions based on judgements attribute a high value to people and things outside of us that we can not...