After the Japanese Attack on Pearl Harbor Essay

732 WordsDec 31, 20123 Pages
The war affected civilians abroad and at home in many ways. In the US races, gender and other ethnic origins including African Americans, Mexican Americans, women, consumers, children, GI’s, and the government were some of the minorities. These effects were not limited to just the US population but people across the world these areas including Germany, Japan, and Britain. After the start of World War Two, life changed considerably in Britain. To avoid giving the enemy visual reference points at night, full blackout curtains had to be used to keep light from escaping from windows. Vehicle lights had to be covered so that only a pinhole was left to allow light to escape. Fuel was rationed, especially gasoline. Food was rationed, especially meat and other animal products, also clothing. Young children were sent into the country from the cities to protect them from the air raids. There were shortages of all kinds of consumables, from liquor to cigarettes. New cars were unavailable, and practically everyone between the ages of 18 and 50 was in some kind of military service, unless their job was considered essential to the war effort. Childless women aged 19-30 were also subject to national service, though not in a combat role. In Germany civilians were not affected by the war until 1941, the turning point of the war. The daily life of many was not changed from the late 1930's, and rationing was relatively minimal. (Hitler feared poor morale at home would induce the riots that contributed to their defeat in WW1.) After the German defeat at Stalingrad (1943), German civilians were under great pressure at the home front to enhance the war effort. Women were eventually employed working 10-12 hours a day in factories, and children from the Hitler youth and a form of German "girl guides" were used in desperation to operate anti-aircraft batteries, searchlights, and

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