African American Music, Literature & Sports
United States in the 20th Century
The term African-American deals with a population of African descent living in the U.S. The term black is also used to define this group people. Although both descriptions are equal, some scholars believe that black is a broader term than African American. Not only because it relates to a wider community and with a longer history, but it also encompass various groups, not identified directly as African-Americans, either ethnically or racially. In this context, the term black encompass both those who consider themselves African-Americans, Puerto Ricans, Jamaicans, Haitians or Nigerians, etc. This sector of the population is a fundamental part of American history and culture. More specifically, African Americans have evolved greatly and contributed immensely to American musical history, culture and literature.
The African-Americans are mostly descendants of slaves brought from Africa to the U.S., especially in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and especially for the southern regions. African Americans constituted the main labor force until the abolition of slavery in the mid-nineteenth century. In the U.S. and in other countries of western culture, slavery was theoretically legitimized by racism, which advocated the supremacy concept of "race" white on the other. Racism survived the end of slavery, and today, despite that the situation of blacks in America have evolved considerably in economic, education, work, politics, army, among others, the desired equality in social terms with the white community is far to be achieved.
There are, however, signs that point to greater acceptance by the white community over the daily contact with the African American community in schools and jobs. Several members of the black community have achieved prominent positions in the military and civil society, as is the case of General Colin Powell, or TV stars like...