African Decolonisation Essay

1948 WordsMay 14, 20138 Pages
Why, in the aftermath of decolonisation, have so many African states been unable to achieve political stability and sustained economic development? Colonialism had a great affect on many of Africa’s nations since the nineteenth century during the scramble for Africa when Africa was divided between the countries of Europe into political partitions during the Berlin Conference in 1884/1885 and led to Practically the entire continent of Africa being under European control by 1905 when much of its natural resources was extorted and used to the benefits of the colonisers such as gold and silver, their economy was left in tatters and the influence of these European people left their cultural world in dismay. Britain, France, Germany and Belgium controlled most of the land and their presence left many long term affects which are still seen today. Soon after World War 2 these nations of Africa sought freedom from their colonisers and craved independence as they watched on as Europe began to shatter. They had helped their colonial masters fight against their enemies and without realising, had trained an elite army of forward thinkers with westernized views who had felt freedom and sought it for their country and began to lead their fight for independence. And so the process of decolonisation unexpectedly began and eventually led to huge political and economic upheaval. This did not however solve much of their problems within their country and still the nations of Africa have not achieved political and sustained development and continue to be unable to recover entirely from its affects. The separation of Africa did not create a group of uniformedcolonies each resembling one another in a constitutional stereotype.In 1945 only Egypt, South Africa, Liberia and Ethiopia belonged to the UN leaving much of the continent separated from global networking. However, 25 new African

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