African-Americans And Civil Rights: The 1960s Black Power Movement

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Final Paper: African-Americans and Civil Rights The military victory of the Union Army in America’s Civil War did not dispose of political and social conflicts between the adversaries. The Confederacy was destroyed, and the South lay in ruins. White southerners were bitter and showed little inclination to change their way of life, even if they acknowledged the end of slavery. Northerners, meanwhile, where split among themselves as to how to get on with the nation’s business. The struggle over the South lasted from 1865 to the presidential election of 1876 and pitted White Southerners who were determined to redeem the old Confederacy by maintaining the racial and social status quo against “Radical Republicans”, a group that included abolitionists, Republican politicians, and Black freedmen who believed that the South could only be…show more content…
The Panthers were first organized in Oakland, Ca. Taking up Malcolm X’s call for local community development through self-organized schools and community centers; they also pledged to protect themselves with weapons. “The 1960s Black Power Movement that portrayed young Blacks with Afros, a dread attitude and eccentric African garb is still tightly woven into the American consciousness as a movement” (As cited in Murray, 2007). If Black power proved unsuccessful either as a political or economic strategy, it did much to inspire another cultural renaissance among African-Americans. Poets like Leroi Jones and Nikki Giovanni employed the aggressive spirit of Black power in their poetry, while Toni Morrison began to explore the difficult issues of racial self-identity. Perhaps the central feature of this movement was the development of the “soul” particularly in pop music. Detroit’s Motown Records was at the height of its productivity, and stars such as Aretha Franklin, Diana Ross, and James Brown appeared as symbols of a renewed racial
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