African Americans Essay

653 WordsOct 17, 20133 Pages
‘The Supreme Court was the main obstacle to the achievement of African American Civil Rights between 1865 and 1915’. How far do you agree? The Supreme Court lack of involvement regarding African American was an obstacle to the achievement of their social rights between 1985 and 1915. The Supreme Court can be accused for creating an obstacle because they were incredibly lenient towards white southerners in comparison to African Americans towards the end of the period. This view can be supported in the 1883 case whereby members of the Supreme Court ruled the Second Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional; as a result African Americans were not entitled to ‘full accommodation’ in public places. This case is extremely important in highlighting the Supreme Court’s lack of involvement in achieving African American Civil Rights between 1865 and 1915 because by ruling the Second Civil Rights Act unconstitutional it enables similar cases in the future to be ruled out in the same which was the situation in 1896. Plessy vs. Ferguson in 1896 was ruled constitutional, stating that African Americans were ‘separate but equal’, in other words, racially separate facilities, if equal, did not violate the constitution as ‘segregation’ in the eyes of the Court, ‘was not discrimination’. The importance of this case meant that white southerners were able to ignore particular amendments which impacted negatively on African Americans achieving their social rights as they could now segregate all form of life with the Supreme Court’s support. Cummings vs. The Board of Education case in 1899 is a clear example of this because it indicates how Supreme Court principle, ‘separate but equal’ was used to confirm that a African American high school should still get knocked down despite only having 5 throughout the whole of Georgia, suppressing them of their civil right. Even so, it was Supreme

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