African American Spirituality In Pentecostalism

2005 Words9 Pages
The Role of African American Spirituality within Pentecostalism http://youtu.be/bR4-YjeZ9Fw Pentecostalism, just the sheer mention of it causes some to raise their hands and shout “hallelujah” and at the same time the mention of it causes the hair to stand up on the neck of others who believe it to be a move of hysteria at best and inspired by Satan at worst. However, what can’t be denied is that it is arguably the most important mass religious movement of the twentieth century. The Pentecostals are the fastest growing movement within Christianity today with almost 500 million adherents worldwide, now predominantly a Third World phenomenon. According to a George Barna Research Report, the charismatic and Pentecostal segment…show more content…
The nation’s lower and middle-class groups were not content to remain in mainline churches so they formed new religious communities committed to the theological doctrine of perfectionism” (Dieter 199-200). But it is notably the Azusa Street Revival in Los Angeles, California where we can clearly find the origin of the Pentecostal movement in America and the Black Pentecostal movement in particular. The Black Pentecostal Movement and the Azusa Street Revival was led by William J. Seymour, an African America Preacher and the son of former slaves who had studied under Charles Parham. In 1900 Charles Fox Parham, a former Methodist minister, opened Bethel Bible College in Topeka, Kansas and about 40 students were enrolled (Goff). Their only textbook was the Bible and Parham gave the students the assignment of discovering some certain common evidence of the baptism in the Holy Spirit, before he left on a preaching trip. The students reached the conclusion that the biblical evidence of the baptism in the Spirit was speaking in tongues, which they told Parham on his…show more content…
Fields White Unto Harvest: Charles Parham and the missionary orgins of Pentecostalism. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1988. Hayford, Jack W. and S. David Moore. The Charasmatic Century: The Enduring Impact of the Azusa Street Revival. Los Angeles: Warner Faith, 2006. MacRobert, Lain. The Black Roots and White Racism of Early Pentecostalisn in the USA. London: MacMillian Press, 1988. Newmann, Richard and James S. Tinney. Black Apostles:Afro-American Clergy Confront the Twentieth Century. G.K. Hall & Co., 1978. Synan, Vincent. The Century of the Holy Spirit: 100 years of Pentecostal and Charismatic Renewal, 1901-2001. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 2001. Synan, Vinson. The Holiness-Pentecostal Tradition:Chrasmatic Movements in the Twentieth Century. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Erdmans Publishing Company, 1997. -------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. http://artsweb.bham.ac.uk/aanderson/Publications/origins.htm [ 2 ]. http://www.barna.org/faith-spirituality/360-how-different-generations-view-and-engage-with-charismatic-and-pentecostal-christianity?q=many+pentecostals [ 3 ].
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