The introduction of slavery to the United States of America stole these opportunities from millions of African children. This immoral robbery of education stole not only from the African children, but from America itself by taking away the ideas of Africans. The redundancy of America’s actions have become clearer as time has passed. Because of segregation in schools, the African American high school graduation rate is exponentially lower, the amount of African Americans enrolled in public education is lower, and the opportunities presented to African American students in public schools are, yet again, low. The struggle for equal education is a fight that must be won so that we as Americans may all benefit from the African American people.
The North suffered major losses of industrial workers to the war. Northern industries were forced to look for a different avenue to find suitable workers for their factories. “The North drew heavily upon a southern reserve of black labor.” African Americans have never experienced a job such as industrial work in the North. Blacks were only familiar with farming crops. Not only was the industrial work less strenuous on African Americans, the pay was much better in the North compared to the pay of a sharecropper in the South.
Oh, and lets not forget the KKK (if that falls into this category; I think it does) who harassed, intimidated, and killed black people. They basically couldn’t escape being tormented. During this period, the south was suffering pretty badly economically. When cotton production slowed significantly during the Civil War, countries that had been deprived of cotton began to grow their own and market prices were cut in half. Banks that loaned to the Confederate government could not collect their debts.
Many lower class citizens are at or below the poverty line and are have and unavoidable disadvantages and poorer chances to discover life’s possibilities. Regardless of the potential and ambition that a lower class individual could possess, he or she will not be given opportunities to succeed like a higher class individual. People who are considered lower class do not have access to many of the resources like a wealthier societies do. Based on their economic situation, they automatically start behind the eight ball. Wealthier societies have exceptional educational services which include better teachers, utilities, and curriculum, whereas poorer societies just get by on the bare minimum.
This primarily affected African American children because their education system was different from the white children. Negro schools had many restrictions such as the reading matter being restricted to the used and discarded volumes of the libraries of the white community (Johnson 268). Based on attention to this advertisement through the perspective of race, I observe that African American children were falsely depicted in the 1930’s because they lack a proper education system and they were not socially equal. Education affected the child’s self-esteem and self-worth. According to Charles Johnson’s article, “Education of the Negro Child” about sixty-five percent of African American children are classified as retarded and the majority are retarded by more than one year (Johnson 266).
The build up of these tenements led to the rise of gangs (Doc 1). These tenements were unhealthy for people to live in and very unsanitary, so only the poorest people lived there, which tended to be the people who would cause major violence (OI). Also the role of African Americans had changed because of industrialization and urbanization. According to W.E.B. Du Bois, African American should be trained in order to be leaders for their people (Doc 2).
SOCIO ECONOMIC PROBLEMS FACED BY BLACKS IN AMERICA Why is it that African Americans are socio economically backward? And what measures need to undertaken to improve the condition of blacks in America? These are some of the most important questions plaguing the African American community. The United States is considered a country which has people from all racial groups, ranging from whites and blacks to Orientals etc. Like the African Americans, all other minority groups have faced hostility in America but unlike the blacks, they have been able to uplift themselves from a socio-economic perspective.
In factories African Americans earned more money than they did as farm labourers. African Americans who migrated also started to build their own communities and founded the NAACP (National association of the Advancement of Colour People) . I think this alone impacted the status of African Americans greatly because now Africans were no longer in the country sides and were in the cities and towns, in industry. This meant that they had a bigger part to play in the economy of the USA. Although African Americans had greatly improved in their income and houses, many people didn't treat them any differently.
Executive orders were also introduced to improve their roles in society. For instance, EXO 9980 introduced fair employment in the civil service meaning blacks were finally starting to be legally allowed to earn as much as the common white man. It is clear to see that Blacks progressed economically but they also regressed in some sections. For instance, White Americans were not best pleased that Blacks were now able to be interviewed for some of the same jobs as them. This caused riots in many industrial areas like the Detroit riots which lasted three days and caused 34 to be killed, 433 wounded and property
One of the main reasons for this is that in the context of black social stratification, media and research has focused mainly on black poor, much of the research and media attention on African Americans detail that “middle-class African Americans do not perform as well as whites on standardized tests (in school or in employment), are more likely to be incarcerated for drug offenses; are less likely to marry, and more likely to have a child without being married, and are less likely to be working (Lacy, 2008)”. The flip side to this are the high profile African Americans who are celebrities and athletes who live exceptional and privileged lives by anyone’s , black or white, standards but who are often seen as examples that all blacks have “made it” and that racial issues are something of the past. Rarely is anything positive ever reported about the lives of the majority of African Americans, many of whom hold down regular jobs as well as raise families and live mainstream lives, albeit at a seemingly lower quality than their white