A Short History of Zimbabwe
It is a combination of factual history with collective or individual memories in order to create an objective and thorough analysis of Doris Lessing‟s work.
At the beginning of the 19th century Europeans started to settle in the area that now consists of Zimbabwe (South Rhodesia) and Zambia (Northern Rhodesia). At first they came as missionaries, traders and hunters but at the end of the century the Europeans had other plans in mind. The discovery of gold in Transvaal and the stories that more goldfields could be found further north, led the British to the relatively untouched lands of Zambezia (Zimbabwe and Zambia).
It was Cecil Rhodes, a well known British imperialist, together with his business partner Charles Rudd, who persuaded King Lobengula of the Ndebele to sign a treaty in 1888. This treaty gave Rhodes the monopoly for the mining of minerals throughout the Ndebele kingdom (O‟Meara 10) and put Matabeleland under the influence of the British South Africa Company. This Rudd Mineral Concession caused hundreds of pioneers and settlers to come into the country by the end of the 19th century. As the British population of settlers grew, Rhodes set up expeditions to start mining for gold in the north-eastern area of Mashonaland. Although Mashonaland was not technically under the rule of Lobengula and thus was not part of the treaty, the British invaded this territory as well (Phimister 6). Because of the military force the Europeans brought with them they were able to control the area in which they had settled. After Lobengula died, the British realized that with no king to rule his people the seizure of power and control over the area became easier and they could expand to the western parts of Zambezia.
The country was given a new name, Rhodesia, after Cecil Rhodes, in 1895. At the beginning of the 20th century, Rhodesia was split up between a Northern (Zambia) and Southern (Zimbabwe) region, both still part of the British...