Narrate the incidents during the Scramble for Africa 5. Describe the results of the Scramble for Africa 6. Identify countries that were colonies by European countries in Africa European imperialism Imperialism is a term that refers to the economic and political domination or control of one country or nation by another one which is technologically and economically more advanced. Therefore, European imperialism was the economic and political domination of other nations world over by European powers. For more than three centuries the European nations had extended their influence and imperialism into other continents such as Asia, Latin America, the West Indies, and Africa.
Religion for all of these cities were the building blocks for developing their cities into highly populated and urban areas. Most buildings and other establishments are centered around churches or temples. Another similarity is the city’s economic success, each city is thriving economically and can sustain their populations. Another similarity between the six cities was that they were all port cities which enabled them to trade. Differences for the cities are the way they have succeeded economically.
Britain also established companies in India and Africa. Due to the trade between the colonies via the companies, Britain started to generate a large consistent income. Mercantilist policies were introduced shortly after 1680. A factor that led to Britain gaining its reputation and wealth were that it established a strong connection with its merchants. The merchants were happy to trade with Britain as a policy of Britain was to protect its clients.
Access to commodities such as fabrics, spices, and gold motivated a European quest for a faster means to reach South Asia. It was this search that led the Portuguese down the coast of West Africa to Sierra Leone in 1460. Due to several technological and cultural advantages, Portugal dominated world trade for nearly 200 years, from the fifteenth to the sixteenth centuries. While, in the fifteenth century, the rest of Europe was decimated by the Black Plague, Portugal was protected by its physical isolation. Additionally, Portugal had an unusually strong national identity, due to its natural geographic borders, allowing the pooling of the considerable economic resources necessary to fund these ambitious explorations.
It became a powerful and lucrative point of trade for South Asia and the entire Mediterranean. Axum became famous for its exports of ivory, frankincense, myrrh, and slaves. In 500 A.D. the empire of Ghana emerged. It was located in the upper Niger River Valley along the West African coast. Its economy consisted of farming, gold and iron mining.
Mobutu nearly independently created Zaire. He even gave the country its name in substitution of the colonial name, Congo. But his individual craving for indulgence and fortune produced a system of official exploitation so greedy that he left behind a country in ruin. Mobutu succeeded in producing a sense of nationhood in Africa's third-largest country as sturdy as anywhere else on this continent. This was acheived by promoting the use of three major African languages, Lingala, Swahili and Tshiluba, to attract citizens together through cultural lines.
Colonialism in Africa: The good, the bad and the downright ugly The most parts of Africa spent two generations under colonial rule. The colonization of Africa has a long history, being most noticeable between the 19th and 20th century. The effects of colonialism fall into three categories: good, bad and downright ugly. A good aspect of colonialism in Africa was economical growth. One factor that helped economical expansion was industrialization.
Another thing that Africa has is a lot of Plantonium and Gold, this is what attracted the Europeans in the first place. The Europeans came because of Mansa Musa going to Egypt and throwing gold to the people on the streets, and when the Europeans heard of this they right away wanted to go to Africa. These facts are supported in the article about Mansa Musa that we read earlier this year. Most of the geography in Africa has both a positive and negative affect on it’s development, but I would like to point out all of the positive things. In Africa there is a lot of Plantonuim, this Plantonuim is eighty percent of the worlds Plantonuim, the presented fact came off of Mr. Nizar Hadeli.
Colonialism is the expansion of a nation's control over territory beyond its borders and has direct political and economic control over the country and its people. European colonialism began as early as in the fifteenth century with the Portuguese and Spanish exploration of the Americas, the coasts of Africa and India. However it was not until the 17th century that Britain, France and Holland established their overseas colonies. The Berlin Conference of 1884 decided which European countries get which territories in Africa which led to the most rapid form of European expansion called the ‘Scramble for Africa’ which took place between 1886 and 1914. The countries involved in the ‘Scramble for Africa’ were Britain, France, Portugal, Spain, Belgium, Germany and Italy.
Impact of Islam The impact of Islam in most cases was positive for the growth of these civilizations. In India Islam enriched the culture and learning. In Africa Islam revealed the power, the religion, and its commercial and sometimes military attributes. Islam arrived the Indian and African regions in the early centuries. Political changes were increased, new religious, economic, and political patterns were constructed by the Islamic surge, but there was still great diversity.