Africa Before European Arrival

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Prompt: Using the following documents, characterize the achievements of the African kingdoms, empires, and cities before the arrival of Europeans. All around the world, from continent to continent, civilizations were annexing by form of expansion into other and further areas of the world during the 1400’s and 1500’s. Some civilizations were successful, and others were not with the addition of other cultures to a preexisting culture already forged in that area. African civilizations flourished greatly before the arrival of Europeans in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Powerful wealthy empires in Africa included Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. The wealth of these civilizations grew when they began trading with each other. (doc.1, doc.3, doc.8) Roles that the people of African societies had were substantial and maintained. (doc.5, doc. 7, doc. 4) And the people had security in their civilizations because of no tolerance of injustice. (doc.6, doc.2, doc.3) In Africa, trade amongst empires, kingdoms, and cities helped the economies prosper and gain the wealth for these societies as shown in documents one, three, and eight. One of Africa’s cities, Aksum, became a valuable trading center in Africa because of it’s location (doc.1). The wealth of these societies is also clearly stated through Ghana where traders had to pass (doc.3). The coastal city, Kilwa, delighted in wealth because of the trade with ships (doc.8). Because Aksum was at the center of trade in Africa, merchants and other traders traveled through trade routes and traded at Aksum. Throughout the years 325 and 360, Aksum became an important and wealthy city in Africa. Because of the trade that was occurring, the city prospered and became very successful. The point of view if someone trading must have been that Aksum is a very good place to go to because of it's connecting routes to other places. Ghana was a
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