Dealing with Geriatric Inmates Abstract Elderly or geriatric prisoners are creating problems for correctional facilities, legislators, as well as state and federal budgets. From 1992 to January 1, 2001, the number of inmates age 50 and older jumped from 41, 586 to 113,358 (Camp & Camp, 1992 – 2001). The aging inmate population in the United States’ federal and state prisons is creating a heavy burden on government resources and budgets. Governments are paying more money to maintain the health and treatment of elderly individuals as opposed to younger inmates. This steady rise in the age of inmates incarcerated throughout the United States can be traced back to an increasing crime rate through the 1980’s and early 1990’s and the “get tough” response by legislating bodies and law enforcement.
Juvenile Crime Statistics Paper Shirley Giron September 19, 2014 CJA/374 William O’Neil Juvenile Crime Statistics Since the beginning of time crime and criminal activity has been an uproar among society. Most criminal begin at delinquency and continue committing criminal activities till adulthood. According to the 2008 juvenile crime report, juveniles make up a 2.11 million arrests, 16% of all violent crime arrests (Puzzanchera, 2009). The findings were made from data reported from local law enforcement agencies that were than accumulated in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Report (UCR) Program. UCR states there has been 3% decline on juvenile arrests, arrest include murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault (Puzzanchera, 2009).
Juvenile Crime Statistics After a decade of growth, the incidence of violent crime in America suddenly began to drop in the mid-1990s. Criminologists propose various reasons for the sudden turnaround in violent crime. Explanations include a strong economy, changing demographics, changes in the market for illegal drugs and the use of firearms, expanded imprisonment, policing innovations, and a growing cultural intolerance for violent behavior. Regardless of which explanation one favors, it is clear that previous increases as well as recent decreases in violent crime were disproportionately generated by the nation’s youth. Criminal behavior has always been more prevalent among young people.
“In 2008, law enforcement agencies in the United States made an estimated 2.11 million arrests of persons younger than age 18. * Overall, there were 3% fewer juvenile arrests in 2008 than in 2007, and juvenile violent crime arrests fell 2%” (Puzzanchera, 2009, p. 1). Although there was a small increase in juvenile offenses during 2008 it was
Although most of the crimes reported are measured by local and national levels, global crime levels have been slowly increasing over the last 20 years. According to Friedrichs (2007), global crimes are primarily crimes committed by “relatively powerful organizations and entities” (p. 4). Technological advances have also made it easier for these crimes to be committed. This makes it harder for criminal justice systems to fight these sorts of criminals and their activities. Global crimes include drugs trafficking, arms trafficking, human trafficking, money laundering, bank fraud, terrorism, various white-collar crimes, and cybercrimes.
Secondly overcrowded prisons have an impact on rehabilitation programmes which potentially could be a reason for the high rate of reoffending in the UK. Finally the essay will discuss the crisis of the whole criminal justice system as the high volume of prisoners could be an indication of a wider crisis in The Criminal Justice System in England and Wales. At present it is estimated that crime and criminality costs UK society approximately £35 billion per year and currently the government spends approximately half of it on police services 2009/10 and fifth on courts dealing with the issue, of this money only £4.6 billion is spent on prisons (Ministry Of Justice, 2010). As the prison population is rise one of the main reasons for the crisis is the lack of availability of space. It has been argued that the penal system in England and Wales needs to become less punitive, more tolerant and successful (Scott , 2008) .
In this paper, I will illustrate the ways in which the Books Not Bars (BNB) campaign launched by the Ella Baker Center addresses juvenile incarceration, a key issue in the problem space of urban poverty. In the United States, incarceration rates have had an exponential growth since the 1980s (see Graph 1). This incredible growth of incarceration is mind-boggling, once one considers “we account for 25 percent of all prisoners but only 5 percent of the global population.” (3) Steven Hawkins, “Education vs Incarceration,” The American Prospect, December 6, 2010 http://prospect.org/article/education-vs-incarceration. This disturbing trend has led
Both long and short-term effects of alcohol have been researched. Liver damage, pancreatitis, certain cancers, and literal shrinkage of the brain are all long-term risks. Drinking can make you age faster, and is the number two cause of dementia. But professionals today are worried about a steady increase in teen alcohol abuse and the possible negative health effects. The British Medical Journal stated: “Alcohol and Young People”, “…there was a general rise in the proportion of 11 to 15 year-olds who drink alcohol regularly, but also there is an increase in the amount they are drinking on each occasion.” (Health Effects of Teen Alcohol Use).
Task 1-Analysis Gun Crime Statistics for Newham East London I have selected statistics on gun crime in Newham East London from the official Metropolitan Police statistics, as the Borough of Newham has one of the highest recorded gun crime incident hot spots in London from September 2008 to September 2010 From the 12 months leading up to September 2009 there were 127 recorded incidents of guns being used this works out as an average of 10 incidents being reported a month. From 12 months leading up to September 2010 there were 200 recorded incidents of guns being used this works out as an average of 16 incidents being reported a month. In total this works out to be an increase of 57% from the previous year, this is a very significant increase in gun crime and must be addressed as if these statistics were to continue like this over the following years gun crime would be completely out of control. To draw further information from these statistics it would be very helpful to know such things as the size of the population of the Borough of Newham compared to the other Boroughs of London as this would give a better indication of the overall problem of gun crime in this area, also if there has been tensions between ethnic minorities there due to immigration of immigrants and also if the area is socially deprived and has a high unemployment rate and high levels of substance misuse leading to high levels of crime. Another problem could be gang related violence that has led to this increase in violence that would also have an effect on Newham’s neighbouring boroughs.
Gang membership is increasing and the criminal street gang is recruiting members at young age. The gang acts as a second family to the youth, providing drugs, money and protection. Criminal gang membership increased as much as 40 percent in the United States during the past three years, according to an FBI report released Friday. An estimated 1.4 million people are active in more than 33,000 street, prison and outlaw motorcycle gangs across the country, the report states. That compares to about 1 million gang members when the investigative agency last compiled such figures in January 2009.