Affects of Crime Rate

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How Homelessness and Drug Use Affects Crime Rate Crime is on the rise. Drug use is on the rise. Homelessness is on the rise. Jails and prisons are overcrowded and big city neighborhoods are being abandoned by families moving to smaller cities. Crime in the United States increased by 15 percent last year, and property crime was up by 12 percent according to a recently released government survey (Durden, 2013). According to a national survey conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), (2012), shows that between 2008 and 2011, the use of illicit drug use among Americans has increased from 8% to 9.1%. There are many reasons why an individual would commit such a crime; however, two issues of the underlying causes being addressed are homelessness and drug use and they relate to the crime rate in the United States. Although the examination into homelessness has been slowed down by practical and ethical concerns, an increase in research has provided a substantial amount of awareness into the needs of homeless persons (Vitelli, 2005). Homelessness results from a multifaceted set of circumstances that require people to choose between food, shelter, medication, and other basic necessities (Gelberg, Linn, & Leake, 1988). With the current uncertain economy the rate of homelessness has increased, which is worrisome to communities (Snow, Baler, & Anderson, 1989). Research on the relationship between homelessness and criminality was ignited by the claim that the presence of homeless men seriously threatens neighborhood security (Snow et al., 1989). The assumption is that in the United States, as homelessness increases, the crime rate from the homeless would increase as well. Within recent decades, the increased awareness of homelessness in our society has brought about a need in a strengthened mandate for research examining the

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