Affect Of Separation Anxiety Disorder Essay

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Separation anxiety is a developmental stage during which a child experiences anxiety when separated from the primary care giver, usually the mother. Separation anxiety is normal between 8 months and 14 months old. In infants separation anxiety is expressed in tears or anger when the caregiver leaves. Separation anxiety is a result of insecure attachment. Insecure attachment can be characterized by the infants fear, anger or indifference toward the caregiver. The child has less confidence in self, is unwilling to leave the caregivers arms and side. Infant attachment status usually does not affect the later emotional development of the child. Insecure attachments can be repaired in the early years of life. Children sometimes recover from periods of maternal depression, responding more to their mother’s current behavior than to her earlier behavior. However, the opposite may occur for children with a secure attachment with their caregiver. If a child before the age of 12 experiences a disruptive family event, this occurrence can shake loose a secure attachment. There are many factors that can trigger Separation Anxiety Disorder in adolescence to adulthood. These factors can be environmental and genetic. “Silove, Manicavasagar, O'Connell, and Morris-Yates (1995) examined the heritability of adults' retrospective reports of separation anxiety symptoms in childhood. These investigators used symptom counts as the outcome of interest and found that for females, shared environmental effects were negligible in explaining symptoms (accounting for only 2% of variance), whereas genetic influences were more substantial (accounting for 41% of variance).” (Cronk, Slutske and Madden). One environmental factor that has been connected to separation anxiety disorder is socioeconomic disadvantage. “In a study examining the role of socioeconomic status as a cause and a consequence of

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