England during the seventeenth had got more countries under their control than their European counterpart especially France, which them to be regarded as Great Britain especially after their unification with Scotland. Great Britain was in America with the claim to protect them from the French, before turning her to one of their colonies. Great Britain has been with colonial wars with France for a long period of time, they see the French as potential rival in the colonial market, especially in control of America. The two countries engaged in a sever years’ War (1756-63), with the victor y of Great Britain but it caused them lots of money, the British government considered the American colonies should contribute to the reduction of that debt, t
David Parker Professor Sweeney ENG 231.0003 Mar. 2014 Ralph Waldo Emerson: A Man Thinking By the early 1800’s, a new sense of literary freedom was present in America. The colonial writers of the past were heavily influenced by their European roots, and the limits of technology had kept printed literature from great diversification. By the late 1700’s however, American population was exploding, the printed word had become much more accessible, and the newfound freedom from Britain created an environment perfect for the spread of new ideas. The search for a national identity and a spirit of nonconformity had entered the hearts of many Americans, such as writers David Hume, Henry David Thoreau, George Putnam, and Frederick Henry Hedge.
William Lloyd Garrison, Thomas Paine, Patrick Henry, Ida B. Wells, Harriet Beecher Stowe, and Upton Sinclair are just some of the many journalists, writers and novelists who contributed toward the same cause, the progress of a growing nation. "The American Crisis" and "Common Sense" by Thomas Paine were influential during the colonies break from Britain. "Common Sense" was intended to gather support for a revolution against Britain and finally achieve independence. It was the first work to openly ask for independence from Britain.
With their previous control in India and Africa, the British nation had the tools in needed to develop into the imperialist power it would. As a result of this prosperity exhibited by the British, other nations felt the need to gain there own global colonies so that they could be deemed just as powerful. This sparked global competition as it began to form during the age of Imperialism. Global Rivalry At this time in Europe, there was a continuous rivalry between the European countries. Previously (after the Napoleonic wars) this balance was overturned.
Our founding fathers were inspired by influential people to write the great documents for America. For instance, Thomas Jefferson, the primary author of the Declaration of Independence, was inspired by ideas of philosophers in the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment ideas from political philosophers were used by other founding fathers as a means to motivate others for the Revolution. After the Revolution, James Madison also used ideas of Enlightenment philosophers to construct the United States Constitution. Philosophers, like Montesquieu, Voltaire, and Rousseau, all had a great influence in the making of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution.
According to this it is viable to expect a clear ideological influence all over the first three years of Revolution. The Enlightenment also has strongly affected the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen. Also, the obvious relationships between Enlightenment and the French Revolution can be seen through the philosophic ideals respecting to religion, education, women and slavery, and for sure the revolutionary’s approach to these areas. Nevertheless, it is very difficult to describe the Enlightenment’s influence in general because of the aspects of the French Revolution mentioned above.
The American Revolution was more radical and had much more significance than the French Revolution because the American Revolution was a catalyst for real, historic and permanent change. The American Revolution created a new egalitarian government that was truly based on the ideals of the philosophes of the Enlightenment and would have a lasting impact on Western Civilization. The Declaration of Independence states that its citizens would fight for their “inalienable rights” of “life, liberty and pursuit of happiness” and “it is the Right of the People to alter or abolish” a government that deprives them of these rights and “institute a new Government”. This was radical for its time because the Founding Fathers took principles and ideas and put them into a declaration of action against the state. “Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” were far more than conceptual ideas during the period leading up to the American Revolution as well.
The seventeenth century was the bridge to the modern age. The people of Europe were passionately split over a myriad of issues – most prominently, religion. The time was, therefore, inevitably a hotbed of civil wars and revolutions. Because of this, the notion of a revolution – when it is needed and to what extent it should go in changing society – was prominent in the works of the political philosophers of the period, namely Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and Edmund Burke. The four philosophers lived in chronological order and used the ideas of their predecessors in the formation of their own ones.
Crusades effected the English people politically, economically, and by exposing the Englishmen to new cultures. The Crusades had a significant influence in Europe in general, not just English people. At the time, the continent was united under a powerful Pope, but by the end of the 14th century, centralized bureaucracies (which have been defined as the foundation of the modern nation state) was flourishing in England, France, Spain, and other countries, due to the tyrannical dominance of the church during the Crusades. The Crusader society in the Kingdom of Jerusalem was also characterized by a culture of innovation, including political structures, governance, and taxation. The need to raise, transport, and supply the large armies led to a flourishing of trade throughout Europe.
Causes and Effects of the Great Awakening The Great Awakening was a spiritual renewal that moved through the American colonies, particularly New England, during the 1730s and 1740s, leaving a permanent impact on American religion. In the Great Awakening, Christians began to separate themselves from the established approach to worship which led to a general sense of complacency among believers. Instead, they adopted an approach which was characterized by great enthusiasm and emotion in prayer. Some people that led this new spiritual renewal included the Wesley brothers, Jonathan Edwards, and George Whitefield in England; furthermore, it crossed over to the American Colonies during the first half of the 18th Century. Unlike the somber, largely Puritan spirituality of the early 1700s, the revivalism accompanying the Great Awakening allowed people to express their emotions more overtly in order to feel a greater intimacy with God.