Then the theory was applied to human development by Herbert Spencer and William Graham Sumner thought that the economy was a natural event and that it did not need any guidance in its evolution. And based on Sumer’s views they greatly contrasted the beliefs of the Social Gospel. Under the theory of Social Darwinism a person’s “fitness” was determined by their wealth, social status, and their property. And similar to Darwin’s actual theory the poor people in this case were seen as “less fit to survive” because they were seen as being lazy and inferior to the wealthy. Also the theory of Social Darwinism appealed to the protestant work ethic because they believed that anyone could become successful and prosper with hard work intelligence and perseverance.
“Nature” is an accurate illustration of the views that the transcendentalists had on the natural world. By immersing himself in nature, he says that he is given a new sense of clarity, divinity, and enlightenment that cannot be gained anywhere but in nature. He was a strong believer that finding oneself and exploring one’s own soul is the ultimate pursuit of happiness, that the ultimate fulfillment in life would be self-discovery. Henry David Thoreau, Emerson’s short-time housemate, held very similar ideas, and found the works of his friend inspirational. Thoreau’s essay, “Civil Disobedience”, describes his idea of rebellion against laws he felt were unnecessary or unjust.
Government played a minor role and cities did not offer public relief. Thinkers believed poor people should work hard to improve their own personal economy and not get government or anyone’s help. This would make America stronger. Freedom was defined as no government interference in the business of business. The economy would be ruled by natural laws of “survival of the fittest” and “supply and demand.” These ideas favored captains of industries like Andrew Carnegie and John D. Rockefeller.
The view that industrialization led to the decline of the extended family and the rise of the nuclear family is seen to be a functionalist view because this focuses mostly on the social structure and what effects it has to parts of the society, but not directly the people within it. The extended family fits the needs of the pre-industrial society because the extended family consists of extended kin networks who aided each other in mostly agricultural labor with the rest of the family. The nuclear family on the other hand benefits from industrialization because physical labor is not necessarily needed because people would rely on machinery to do things that the extended family would do by hand, therefore meaning that extra family members are not required to live together to get work done. On one hand, you could say that industrialization did not lead to the decline of the extended family and revive the nuclear family. For example, the sociologist Peter Laslett had explored the myth that the family was normal in pre-industrial Britain.
According to Modernization Theory, the way “to create an economy is based on industrial production and capitalist business practices” (207-175). The secondhand clothing industry was created because more than enough was produced for consumer societies; this industry is commonly associated with charity but in reality it is a business run by capitalists who serve their own interests. The industrial advancements that these businesses have made have inhibited competitive manufacturing with third world civilizations, as well as disrespected cultural rights and forced globalization. The Neoclassical Economic Theory understands third world workers “to be in transition from traditional to modern practices” (2007-134), but anthropologists have documented apparent resiliency of pre-capitalist institutions. One example of a pre-capitalist institution is foraging which according to Marshall Sahlins (2007-127) is a cultural choice by the people whom desired little and
While the Nacrima’s practices seem strange to us, as Miner has written about them, cultural relativism is an important practice in our daily lives. While we do not have to necessarily accept a certain cultures norms and values or perhaps they are vastly different from our own belief system, to be less rigid of other cultural norms allows us to be more understanding or even empathetic of other
We can never do without the plain affection of man to man. But what we need today is not the love that will break its back drawing water for a growing factory town from a well that was meant to supply a village, but a love so large and intelligent that it will persuade an ignorant people to build a system of waterworks up in the hills, and that will get after the thoughtless farmers who contaminate the brooks with typhoid bacilli, and after the lumber concern that is denuding the watershed of its forests. We want a new avatar of love. (Source: Walter Rauschenbusch,
Many of the romantic poets withdrew from society in this same way to explore nature, believing that truth could only be found when the being becomes one with the rest of creation. McCandless believed that by embracing raw nature, depending on nothing other than what the earth provides, he would find truth and absolute freedom. Like the romantics he relies on his gut feeling and following his heart with nature as his only guide. He chooses a life with no constraints and although he turns his
Shelley personifies nature, specifically the stars and trees, in this selection from her novel to tie many themes together. Because nature is a place of solace and an escape for the characters in Frankenstein, it is only fitting that its elements be personified to emphasize the monster’s loneliness and isolation, another theme tied into that associated with nature. The lifelike qualities given to these natural elements and the rest of the quote represent the monster’s isolation and desire for acceptance. When “the cold stars shine in mockery” and “the bare trees wave their branches” above the monster, it symbolizes his seclusion from humans. He feels as if the stars are mocking him, because they are beautiful, shining, and fill the sky by the thousands, while he is an eye sore and alone.
The company’s investment into the employee will also act as a motivator for the employee. This will in turn lead to greater overall performance. Hire Yourself or Outsource It is our opinion that outsourcing is not the route the company should pursue. This could be a costly option. Another possible disadvantage is the recruiter has no idea or feel for the company and its culture.