Advantages And Disadvantages To Cad

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Trish Darnell Bill Mullen English 101 16E1 14 September 2007 Compare and Contrast of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting John Doe has had a heart attack. His physician must decide how to treat his condition. After a cardiac catheterization has been done on Mr. Doe to determine the severity of his blockages, the Cardiologist must chose which treatment will be best for his patient. Percutaneous Intervention (PCI) or Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) is very beneficial but very different in several ways. Determining which procedure is best for Mr. Doe includes some of the following factors; cost, risks, amount of disease, patients age, and time. PCI is the first form of treatment we will examine. PCI has been used for several years and is gaining popularity in the medical world. PCI was used in 26% of cases in 1995 to 88% of cases in 2000. It is quick, easy, and very effective. It takes 45 minutes to an hour to perform this procedure. The physician enters the body through the groin and gain access to the artery. Using a catheter you flush the arteries with dye until you find the blockage. At that point, you then insert a balloon catheter and angioplasty is performed. Angioplasty is defined by, the use of a balloon apparatus to stretch open the artery. This is needed so you can deploy a stent into the artery safely without tearing the artery. A stent is a metal spring like device that holds the artery open permanently. There is less recovery time when you have stents (PCI) placed. Two to three days off work is usually the protocol for this procedure. This is also a very low risk procedure. Risks for PCI are usually having a reaction to the dye that is used. PCI is the chosen treatment for patients with less disease in fewer coronary arteries. These patients tend to be younger. The younger a patient is, the less amount of

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