The Declaration of Independence on July 4th 1776 was when the birth of the United States of America was established into a free country, and set free from Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson who is the most credited for the writing of the document, John Locke developed his own theory that all men are “certain unalienable Rights, the among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness”. Locke, who was one of idea people who helped Jefferson the main writer, put everything together. The ideas from John Locke, and other pointers he put into the document set ways on how to run a government, and how that today’s government is run by “him”. All in all the Declaration of Independence is the foundation, and the birth of the United States.
Another reason America had an advantage over Britain was that the English citizens were tired of war. The war had begun to turn into years and citizens were getting tired of paying taxes and just the war in general. In my opinion one of the biggest advantages the colonists had was how great a leader George Washington was. American soldiers were outnumbered and not as well trained as the English soldiers, but because of Washington’s brilliance and strategy it helped the colonists prevail over Britain. On the other hand Britain also had many advantages over the Americans.
On July 4, 1776 the declaration of independence was approved written by Thomas Jefferson. Considered a stirring political document with the natural rights of “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” and declaring the colonies to be free and independent, was totally out of the question for Britain. The war for independence had begun. With a helping hand from the French the Americans were able to defeat the British army of General Cornwallis. Also the Treaty of Paris was signed and granted the Americans not only their independence but western
Plato and Aristotle believed that a fear did, run though liberals as they viewed democracy as a system of rule by the masses, thus an implication of individualism; seeing society as not as single individual entities but rather a collection of individual groups, possessing opposing interest. This in turn leads to Ortega y Gassets warning of the arrival of mass democracy, which had lead to the overthrowing of civilized society and moral order. As a consequence allowing authoritarian rulers come to power, appealing to the basest instincts of the masses; ‘mobocracy’. This therefore is a fear and reservation most liberals have towards democracy. ‘Liberal democracy’ embodies a whole range of doctrines and devices that actually seek to restrain popular rule and prevent government from flexing direct will of majority.
Gaining more land was only one of the many things that made the American colonies overjoyed. After 1763, when the French and Indian War had just ended; the French, who was a threat to the American colonies and Britain was gone. The French had given up all its land claims in the major North American continent, giving everything east of the Mississippi to Britain and its colonies and everything west of the Mississippi River to Spain (Document A). While both the American colonies and Great Britain celebrated on gaining more land and winning the French and Indian War, the Native Americans on the other side of the Appalachian Mountain were deeply angered. Back in 1742; Canassatego, a chief of the Onondaga Nation of the Iroquois Confederacy expresses his anger to the representatives of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, “Your People daily settle on these Lands, and spoil our Hunting.
Margaret Thatcher’s version of liberal conservatism, known as the ‘new right’, swept away the power and influence of the one nation conservatives in the party. She believed that people were naturally competitive, that private enterprise should be encouraged because it rewarded effort. There was a belief that high taxation meant that those who created wealth were penalised so that the less gifted could be subsidised. Her supporters were strong believers in the individual, yet just as the liberals of the Victorian era they believed in a strong state. The new right was radical departure from traditional conservatism because the policies on society are completely different.
Americans grew to believe that the many taxes were levied for the enhancement of British capital at the expense of American welfare. Britain was keeping the Americans in a position of economic youth by denying them economic freedom. Such economic control dates back to before the French and Indian War in a period referred to as “salutary neglect.” This term was adapted because, although Britain did regulate trade and colonial government affairs, the British for the most part stayed out of the Americans’ way. What makes this description of salutary neglect disputable is the British policy of mercantilism, which was enforced in this time. Mercantilism allowed for the belief that wealth was power and that a country’s power could therefore be measured in gold and silver—placing wealth at the forefront of their minds.
One of his very serious was his funding of the American Revolution. In the spring if 1776, America entered the American Revolution in hopes to gain freedom from Great Britain, and King Louis XVI saw this as an opportunity for them to humiliate France’s long-standing enemy Great Britain by helping the Americans. Though France was already in a financial crisis, King Louis XVI sent out many troops and large sums of money across the ocean to America. Americans won their independence and everything was going well until 1783, when Britain sank the main French fleet. The end result was that Louis ended up spending 1,066 livres on the American Revolution, which he funded by taking out large loans at high interest rates.
King Louis XVI had bankrupt the French by supporting the American Revolution. He spent more money on maintaining his palace at Versailles then he did on supporting the French army. The need for a taxation came about and this resulted in the high rise in food prices. Only the third estate was being taxed, since nobility and clergy were exempt, and that meant that not enough taxes were being collected properly to support France. The last main cause of the Revolution was the uprising political problems.
Hamilton and Jefferson’s plans differed opinionated, economically, and politically. Hamilton and his federalist standpoint were based on a strong central government, Strong national bank and an alliance with Britain. Jefferson however could be considered opposite. The anti-federalists opposed a strong central government and instead focused on a state government. They also opposed a national bank nervous it would give too much power to t he central government.