Electoral College People all over our nation have been asking this question since the historical 2000 Presidential election: “Who created the Electoral College and why did they do it?” We have the framers of the Constitution to thank for the set up of the process itself. Back in the 1700s, many of our founding fathers feared that simply giving the election to the person with the highest popular vote was reckless and foolish. On the other side was the argument that allowing Congress to choose our leader was too close to the system used to choose royalty. So the Electoral College was seen as a perfect compromise for our first Presidential election. So in Article II, section I of the Constitution they set up a plan by which the voters would choose these “electors” who would make the choice of President for them.
How Does the Electoral College Work? At the seminar I attended I learned a lot about the Electoral College. I learned that the Electoral College is actually responsible for electing the President of the United States. Each state plus Washington DC gets Electoral College votes. The amount of votes each state gets is equal to the number of senators in the US Senate plus the number of representatives in the House of Representatives.
Since it’s ratification in federal law in 1845, under article 2 section 1 of the constitution, the Electoral College has served as the United States’ method of presidential election. In contrast to the United Kingdom’s system, in which each region is broken into constituencies which can be seen to represent a ‘vote’ for the corresponding national party, the US (in 48 of the states) operates based on a winner takes all system. In such a system, voters do not directly elect the president, and instead vote for their party electors, whose role is to represent the states vote. Furthermore, each state is allocated a set number of Electoral College votes, determined largely by representation in congress, combined with population. This guarantees even
Once he registered, he will receive a ballot and he has the right to vote. Electoral College is a official institution that elects president and vice president every four years. The representative of each state will go to Washington D.C. and vote for the president, but they cannot choose whom to vote, they are just representatives. In our class,
______________________ ________________________ A U.S. senator elected at the general election in November takes office the following year on what date? _________________________________________________ A President elected at the general election in November takes office the following year on what date? ____________________________________________________________ __________ Which definition applies to the word “amendment?” _____Proposed change, as in a Constitution _____Make of peace between nationals at war _____A part of the government A person appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court is appointed for a term of __________ When the Constitution was approved by the original colonies, how many states had to ratify it in order for it to be in effect? _________________________________________ Does enumeration affect the income tax levied on citizens in various states? __________ Person opposed to swearing in an oath may say, instead: (solemnly) ____________________________________________________________ __ To serve as President of the United States, a person must have attained: _____25 years of age _____35 years of age _____40 years of age _____45 years of age What words are required by law to be on all coins and paper currency of the U.S.?
Animated Learning Module 4: The Electoral College In this module, it discusses the idea of the Electoral College. The Electoral College is the indirect format of electing the President of the United States. A candidate can win the popular vote, but still lose the election in the Electoral College. The number of electoral votes allowed by each state is determined by the number of congressional representatives that state has in the U.S Senate and House or Representative. The Super Delegates are the Senators and Representatives and are allowed to vote for which ever candidate they desire.
Citizen’s votes help elected state officials decide which nominee receives their state’s electoral votes. 100 senators, 435 representatives and 3 votes awarded to the District of Columbia make up all 538 electoral votes. Our 535 elected officials are, in theory, supposed to reflect the ideas of their constituents. Unfortunately there is not a law that calls for electors to vote according to their state’s popular vote. The 2000 election is an example of how it is possible for a candidate to win the nation-wide popular vote and not the win the presidency.
Often misunderstood today, the Electoral College was established early in our country's history and continues to play an important role in the American political process. Although the name suggests ivy-covered walls and classrooms filled with books, the Electoral College is responsible for formally selecting the next president and vice president of the United States. On the night of the Presidential Election, most Americans stay tuned to news reports to find out who won. But even after the final votes are tallied and the winner is announced, our choice for president and vice president is not official until the Electoral College casts its votes. The Electoral College is comprised of 538 people, known as electors, chosen nationwide to meet in their home states and cast one vote per person for president and vice president.
Today, there are 14 executive departments and 2.7 million civilian federal employees. The framers of the Constitution expected Congress to be the dominant branch of government. In the early years of the republic, presidential candidates were usually nominated by a caucus system centered in the House of Representatives. Today, Congress is less inclined to initiate policy than to let the president set the legislative agenda. Today, Congress has about 290 committees and subcommittees.
I believe that presidential elections should be decided by the people and the popular vote. There have been four instances in our history when the winner of the popular vote did not become the president because the Electoral College voted for the other candidate (O’Connor & Sabato, 2009, p. 476). I believe that the average American is intelligent enough to vote for the candidate that they believe in. The Electoral College should either be done away with, or at a minimum every state should be mandated to award their electors to the winner of the popular vote within the state. Some states already award their electors in the fashion, and there are some that split their electors based on how each candidate fared in the state.