Advantageas and disadvantages of matrix structures

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Advantages and disadvantages of matrix structures. What are the major challenges facing leaders attempting to make their matrix organizations function effectively? Diversity of functions and activities which must be performed by the companies resulted in great change in thinking about organization of companies. Many companies changed its organizational structure from functionally oriented into matrix structures. Development of these structures is connected to increasing diversity of company activities as well as diversity of goals which must be achieved by the company and changes in the environment around the company. Matrix structures are present in companies in which it is impossible to build a structure based on particular criteria. Division of responsibilities in matrix structures results from crossing of different goals which must be done with the use of the same resources. In a matrix structures every function is organized in a way which is most effective (the same as in functional structure) but on this structure another structure is overlaid according to another criteria (for example product). It could be said that in matrix structure there are two kinds of structures. As a result the employees which are in the matrix structure have two supervisors. One of the supervisor is manager of the functional division, and the second boss is a project manager or the manager which is appointed for realization of another objective. The main advantages of matrix structures could be as follows: - elasticity of the organization, - provoking of interdisciplinary cooperation, - engagement of employees and setting them goals, - development of employees competencies, - motivation of emploees to identyfiying with the final results of their work, - it enables engaging of experts in particular area to specific functions according to needs of the moment, - due
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