When we inhale, the oxygen enters through our nose or mouth then it gathers it in the Pharynx (throat) then it is passed down in the trachea then it flows down your bronchioles and finally down the alveoli. Our alveoli are surrounded by many blood vessels called capillaries. Oxygen diffuses through the alveoli into the blood stream through the capillary and then up to the heart to be pumped around the body. Due to the thinness of the capillaries, this allows for a greater diffusion rate, due to the gases being able to diffuse quickly in short distances. Our diaphragm contracts (or tightens) when we inhale.
To understand completely the importance of inserting chest drains, when required, we have to look closely at the entire mechanism of breathing. When breathing, the diaphragm descends and contracts, while the lower ribs move upwards and outwards, and the upper ribs and sternum move upwards and forwards. This process allows oxygenation of haemoglobin in the red blood cells. Across the NHS there are two types of chest drains, each with its particularities and ease of use. The first one is the Heimlich device, which consists in a rubber one-way flutter valve connected to a standard bottle.
The human respiratory system is composed of the nasal passage, the pharynx, larynx, the trachea, bronchi and lungs. It is responsible for the process of respiration that is vital to the survival of living beings. Respiration is the process of obtaining and using oxygen, while eliminating carbon dioxide. It is the process by which human beings take in the oxygen from their environment and give out the carbon dioxide that is produced as a result of chemical reactions within the cells. The specialized system that brings about this critical process of respiration in human beings is known as the human respiratory system.
The Respiratory System In our bodies many organs take part in the process of respiration. We call them organs of the respiratory system. The main organs of the human respiratory system are as follows: Nose, Pharynx, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi, Lungs, Alveoli and Diaphragm. The respiratory systems main purpose is to supply oxygenated blood in order for the blood to deliver oxygen to all parts of the body. Breathing gives us the ability to inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide.
This is what is generally referred to as breathing. Internal Respiration This is the exchange of gases between the circulatory system and the tissues of the body. Cellular respiration describes the chemical processes (such as oxidisation) involved when individual molecules use oxygen, creating carbon dioxide as a waste product. The Passage of Oxygen from Nose to Lungs During external respiration or breathing, air is drawn in through the nose, where it is warmed, filtered and moistened. It then passes through the pharynx, larynx and trachea and into the thoracic cavity containing the lungs.
Administrative controls by reducing the time employees are exposed to toxic materials or modifying their work practices can also be used. Different types of respirators are designed to protect against specific respiratory hazards.The atmosphere and the air contaminant levels that workers encounter at a site dictate the type of respirator that must be worn.Respirators are available in many types, models,and sizes from several manufacturers for a variety of applications. Air Purifying Respirators ( APR`s ) work by removing gas, vapours, particulates or a combination of these from the air through the use of filters, cartridges, or canisters. To help employees with identifying the specific
Types of Ventilators: several types of mechanical ventilation: (1) Pressure –cycled ventilation: deliver a volume of gas to the airway using position pressure during inspiration. This positive pressure is delivered until reselected pressure has been reached. When the preset pressure is reached, the machine cycle into exhalation. Pressure cycled, the used in only a small portion of client who require CMV. (2) Volume – cycled ventilation (volume-controlled or volume –limited): Deliver a preset that has been reselected is delivered this volume.
Running head: ADVANCED NURSING LEADERSHIP Advanced Nursing Leadership Name: University: Course: Instructor: Date: Evaluation/Assessment of a Nurse Leader/Manager In all healthcare facilities which have NL (Nurse Leader) positions, the NLs are generally charged with provision of coordination between varied disciplines, facilitation of the planning of care, being liaisons for physicians, engendering improvement of quality as well as compliance to practices which are based on evidence, coaching and mentoring nursing recruits and providing communications to families as well as their patients (Institute of Medicine, 2003). I was led to the NL roles by my 12 year experience in Floor Nursing (FN); where I volunteered to train as a fill-in during the NL’s absences due to sickness or vacation. In a short while, I was appointed to a permanent position. Training on the job assisted me in effectively transitioning into the roles in addition to my FN experiences. Moreover, I will need to do two to three management classes as required by the state regarding continuing education hours.
According to BLS website (2014), Registered nurses (RNs) provide and coordinate patient care, educate patients and the public about various health conditions, and provide advice and emotional support to patients and their family members. BLS website writes, “Most registered nurses work as part of a team with physicians and other healthcare specialists. Some registered nurses oversee licensed practical nurses, nursing assistant and home health aides” (2014, para. 5) BLS website says “Registered nurses typically do the following: Record patients' medical histories and symptoms, administer patients’ medicines and treatments, set up plans for patients’ care or contribute to existing plans, observe patients and record observations, consult with doctors and other healthcare professionals, operate and monitor medical equipment, help perform diagnostic tests and analyze results, teach patients and their families how to manage illnesses or injuries, explain what to do at home after treatment” (2014,para.4). BLS writes , “As the largest healthcare occupation, registered nurses held about 2.7 million jobs in 2012.
Unit 4222-206 The role of the health and social care worker Task A 1, Working relationship differs from a personal relationship because there are boundaries, employers polices and procedures, also a professional code of conduct ,speak with respect to all clients, work colleges and professional bodies. People in personal relationships as family, friends, partners tend to influence each other and share personal and intimate thoughts and feelings, you can speak freely to each other. 2, a) Nurse- the nurse in charge would communicate all relevant information for the start of every shift in handover given up to date information on all clients, whether they require treatment or escorting for hospital appointments. The nurse would give all medication and provide all the relevant dressing changes. They would maintain all daily written documentation.