Racial segregation was oriented towards keeping the Aryan races away from the passage of the inferior races, which became racial extermination in the later years (Landau, 2006). It was mainly concerned towards attaining National Socialism with an aim of creating a super power of Aryan race in the country. Nazi-people considered Jews as the offensive enemies in sustaining their power and capitalism. There main aim was to develop an entirely new base for the growth of the Aryan race in terms of effective health and power. The political orientation of the leaders was also based on the establishment of authoritarian
As a ruler, Adolf Hitler of the Nazi party had numerous successes but he also had he fair share of failures. At the beginning of World War II, Hitler was seen as a savior to the German nation because of his oratory skills, appeal to the people and his successes. One of his first successes came when he fulfilled his promises to the German people and reversed the Treaty of Versailles. After the death of Hindenburg in 1934, Hitler was seen as the successor. The German public saw Hitler as god-like with his vast power and glorifying the German race as being the “master race.” When he finally reversed the power of the Treaty of Versailles and rebuilt Germany’s armed forces, the German nation basically did as he told them to do.
Hitler targeted 10-18 years as he saw these as the future of Germany, this importance of this system is shown with the quote “He alone, who owns the youth, gains the future”. Hitler was clearly intent on ensuring the Nazi regime lasted and therefore targeted the young. The Hitler Youth focused on things such as Nazi heroes, the Jewish threat and the greatness of the Fuhrer. Despite the Hitler Youth aiming to restrict opposition, opposition grew with groups such as the swing movement who boycotted and later attacked the Hitler Youth. This showed that, the aims of the social policy, creation of the 1000 year Reich would prove more difficult than Hitler first thought.
Along with supporting their claim for a “Great Germany”, this revanchism would allow for the necessary lebensraum (living space) for all Germans. Another point in the Nazi’s ideology was their anti-Communism. Communism was a main factor at the time and the spread of a Bolshevik Communism was feared especially by businessmen and the right wing, which lead to their support of the Nazi party who aimed to keep Communism at bay. After
The Paris peace settlement was a key in both of the leaders foreign policies, as they both were weakened in the treaty of Versailles. Both of the leaders put forward a very radical fascist ideology that idealized national expansion and military strengths as the proof of national strength and prestige of the country. Differences in the two fascist leaders policies start to show in their aims and the planning of them. As Hitler was trying to make Germany the absolute dominant power in Europe, Mussolini's aims were more on the prestige, as he wanted to make Italy "Respected and feared". But the similarities were also great as they both were great opportunists and aggressive expansionists, they wanted to expand their countries to become the dominant powers in Central Europe (Germany) and the Mediterranean (Italy).
This was because the new middle class that had emerged in the 'German states', from industrialisation, wanted political representation, and felt that it could only be achieved in a united Germany. The Congress of Vienna wanted to make sure that no country could take over Europe in the way that France did in the early 1800s, it aimed to do this by allocating more land to Prussia and creating a 'barrier' that would block any attempts of French expansion and also war from Russia in the east. The German Confederation divided Germany into thirty-nine states, as Napoleon did during the French occupation. A reduction in the number of German states may seem like a move towards nationalism and in turn unification, however it was in fact a direct move against it, as can be seen in the second amendment of the confederation. This is known as 'particularism', the principle of leaving each state in a federation free to govern itself and promote its own interests.
On the other hand Hermann Goering, head of the Four Year Plan, aimed to focus the economy onto preparing the country for war. Hitler became less involved as he took the Darwinist view of survival of the fittest, believing that the strongest would come out on top. This view is supported by source W which refers to a “Mosaic of Party and state agencies” with “over-lapping jurisdictions” who all try to gain power within there specific area by showing their loyalty towards the Fuhrer. This supports the view that the Nazi State lacked coherence because it suggests that the power of each institution depended entirely on their relationship with Hitler. The over-lapping institutions in the Nazi government led to administrative chaos because their responsibilities and functions were not
However, despite clear use of his ability as an ideologue, Hitler’s rise to power and popularity is inversely proportional to the economic collapse, unemployment, instability and skepticism over the capacity of democracy to save Germany that did not bear his fingerprints. This clear instability of democratic Germany paved the way for an image of propaganda to be created, promoting the leftist, anti democratic and nationalistic views of the Nazi party that would perhaps solve the burdens placed upon Germany by democracy and ultimately, capture the imagination of millions. , The most important factor that allowed for Hitler’s rise to power was the evident instability of the Weimar republic. The political and economical fracturing of the Weimar republic was not influenced by the appeal of Hitler, instead it reassured understanding in Germany that there was a need to change. A clear economic issue was the inflation the Weimar economy witnessed.
In Germany the amount of pride they had in their country forced them to think that they were better than all the other countries. Wilhelm the second was an extreme nationalist. He believed that Germany was the best country in the world and so he wanted to force German beliefs, language and culture on to other nations. His idea of nationalism is tied into his policy of weltpolitik whereby he wanted to make Germany as strong as he possibly could. When Germany was formed in 1870, it caused tension between Germany and France because Germany took over the French territory of Alsace and Lorraine.
1939 Rest of the Czech lands occupied by the Germans. Germany invaded Poland. WWII began. Hitler’s Foreign Policy Aims When Hitler came to power he was determined to make Germany a great power again and to dominate Europe. He had set out his ideas in a book called Mein Kampf (My Struggle) that he had written in prison in 1924.