MOD 6 DQ 1 How does the motivation of a serial killer differ from that of a terrorist? MOD 6 DQ 2 Should different types of rape receive different punishments? For example, should someone who rapes a stranger be punished differently or more severely than someone who is convicted of raping a spouse or convicted of date rape? Why or why not? MOD 7 DQ 1 Can social structure theories be used to explain white-collar crimes?
Today, there are several theories on why people commit crimes. I will examine the rational choice theory and trait theory to get a better understanding of why people become violent offenders. According to the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program, “violent crime is composed of four offenses: murder and non-negligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault” (fbi.gov). The UCR describes the following violent crimes: “Murder and non-negligent manslaughter are defined as the willful killing of one person by another. Forcible rape is defined as the carnal knowledge of a female forcibly and against her will.
But why do we commit crime and why are the crime rates in certain places like Compton, East St. Louis or Detroit so high? The answer is the “Social Structure Theory”, which states that poverty, unemployment and bad social conditions cause criminal activities. The Social Structure Theory contains three schools of thought: social disorganization, strain, and cultural deviance theories.The school of social disorganization states that
08 Fall 08 Fall Knowing the Social Sciences: Pickton Case Assessment Lucy Kervin HSB4ME Bradford 22/02/13 Psychology * Does the perpetrator suffer from any mental disorders that could have lead to the committing of crimes? * What were the reasons behind the committing of the crimes? * Did the perpetrator target only women? What is the reason(s) for this? Psychoanalytic: was the perpetrator exposed to any traumatizing events that could have lead to this behavior?
Scenario One: Can Ken be convicted of a homicide offense? Explain and justify your answer. Ken can be convicted for a couple different homicide charges in this case and in this paragraph. One of the homicide offenses they can be charged with is reckless homicide code 0142 this would be the charge if Ken had accidentally disclosed the information. Another charge that Ken can be tagged with is first degree homicide code 0110 if it is found that Ken willfully and premeditated doing it.
Annotated Bibliography Draft Student name : Haider Zafaryab Student number: 2360526 Thesis Statement : Capital Punishment is a very controversial topic around the globe. I believe that it does more harm than good and breeds violence in society. Source 1: Radelet, M. L., & Akers, R. L. (1996). Deterrence and the Death Penalty: The Views of the Experts. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology (1973-), 87(1), 1. doi:10.2307/1143970 This article was written by Michael L. Radelet and Ronald L. Akers.
White collar crime, as a rule, is less visible than conventional crime. A white collar crime, by definition, is a non-violent act involving deception, typically committed by a business person or public official. lawyershop.com A criminologist blames economic recession and complex financial system as major reasons for the rising white collar crimes in the U.S. “In huge numbers of cases, people are not aware that they have been victims of white collar crime, for example, subjected to illegally spewed out pollution, or that they have purchased products that are unsafe, or that they have been subjected to corporate price fixing, or to the consequences of commodity speculation, which is believed to be one significant factor in driving up the cost of gasoline at the pump.” “Witnesses” of white collar crime, who often do not realize that a crime has occurred, may be confused about what to do in response to it. And our traditional frontline enforcement agencies are not been organized to monitor and respond to white collar crime. In this case principal gents who handle such cases play an important role in white collar crime.
In this essay we will assess the usefulness of these functionalist theories, and look at how it helps us explain crime. One functionalist who tried to explain crime is Merton and his strain theory, the strain theory argues that people engage in the deviant behaviour when they are unable to achieve socially approved goals by legitimate means. Merton explanation combines 2 elements; structural factors- society’s unequal opportunity structure, cultural factors- strong emphasis to achieve goals and weak emphasis on using legit means. Merton uses the strain theory to explain some patterns of crime in society, he argues a person’s positioning in society affects the way they adapt or respond to the strain to anomie. Merton gives 5 different types of adaption; Conformity- the individual accepts socially acceptable goal and achieves it through legitimate means, Innovation- Individual accepts the role of success and wealth but uses illegitimate means to achieve them, Ritualism- Individual give up on legitimate goals but still follow strictly to the rules, Retreatism- Individuals reject legitimate goals and means of achieving them e.g drug addicts, the final type is Rebellion- Individuals reject existing goals and means but replace them with new one in desire to bring about revolutionary change.
He believes that the positivist scientific method could be applied to the study of crime so as to find out its causes and prevent it. His particular approach was described as criminal anthropology. He compared the known offenders and a control group of soldiers by the post-mortem measurement and examination. After studying the resulting, Lombroso think that there a correlation between certain physical features, such as an asymmetrical face, large jaws and long arms, and criminality. In his opinion, these physical traits were characteristic of an earlier period of human evolution.