Adolescent Substance Abuse Essay

403 WordsNov 10, 20132 Pages
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Adolescent Substance Abuse * * Natasha Harris * * University of Phoenix * * May 16, 2012 * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Adolescent Substance Abuse * * The emerging issue I want to expound on is the prevalence of substance abuse in the African American adolescent population. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manuel IV TR, “Substance abuse is a maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress” (Associated Psychologists & Therapists, 2007). African American youths are exposed to alcohol advertising at substantially higher rates than youths from other ethnic groups (Clark, Nguyen, Belgrave, and Tademy, 2011). Environmental risk factors such as the excessive presence of alcohol and tobacco advertisements and other related media messages, proximity to high crime areas, poor housing, and urban blight may influence drug and alcohol use (Bass & Williams, 2010). I have to question the ethics of the alcohol and tobacco companies, media and the corner beer distributors. When I lived in a small town, there were no corner beer deli’s now that I live in Philadelphia; they are almost on every corner. They target a demographic that is already living in despair and poverty. There is also a stigma associated with substance abuse especially if you live in a disenfranchised community. Because of this stigma many African American adolescents who need treatment do not seek it out. * My first duty would be to carefully screen my employees and applicants to find out if they have any biases

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