The most important detail that affected this case is that in December 7th of 1941, Japanese fighter pilots intentionally attacked an American naval base right off of Honolulu, Hawaii. This meant bad news for the United States. According to America’s Best History, On February 19, 1942, The Executive order 9066 is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, confining 110,000 Japanese Americans, including 75,000 citizens, on the West Coast into relocation camps during World War II. The remains of the first of these detention camps resides in California's Manzanar National Historic Site. These camps would last for three years.
The Americans had estimated that there were about 65,000 Japanese troops on the island; the Americans plan was to destroy what was left of the Japanese merchant fleet and use airstrips in the region to launch bombing raids on Japan’s industrial heartland. Being named the bloodiest battle in the Pacific War meant more than just a few casualties. The invasion began on April 1, when 60,000 American troops landed on the front lines. The battle proceeded in four phases: First, the advance of the eastern coast; Second, the clearing of the northern part of the island; Third, the occupation of the outlying islands and Fourth, the main battle which started on April 6, and did not end until June 21. The final phase was extremely difficult because the Japanese were well entrenched and the naval
Operation Downfall was developed to seize control of the Japanese mainland. A study conducted by the Secretary of War stated that an estimated 1 to 4 million American soldiers would be killed during the invasion. It was also estimated that between 5 and 10 million Japanese soldiers and civilians would be killed. This was largely due to the fact that the Japanese mainland would be defended at all costs and that civilians would be forced to aid in the fight. The number of people that were killed by the atom bombs was significantly less than the number of people that would have been killed during the
Attack on Pearl Harbour The attack that destroyed Pearl Harbour occurred on December the 7th, 1941; this attack was a complete surprise. The United States of America had remained neutral during most of World War II. Pearl Harbour newspaper accounts described that shocking even for the record books and outline how, within only minutes after the initial attack by the Japanese, seven of the eight battleships stationed at Pearl Harbour had taken massive hits from bombs and torpedoes. Sometime before the attack on Pearl Harbour; Pearl Harbour newspaper accounts reported the growing anti-Japanese groups rising in the United States in the late 1930s due to the bloody war that occurred in China with the Japanese, as well as from the sinking of a US Navy gunboat. Leading up to Pearl Harbor, the U.S., along with Britain, East Indies and the Netherlands, formed an oil and steel agreement against Japan that did not allow these materials to be traded with them, this embargo later caused major panic in Japan due to the restricted resources.
This was the day that the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. They did this without warning and without a formal declaration of war. As a result of this attack, more than 2000 Americans were killed, along with over a thousand being wounded. The attack was meant to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Japanese were planning in Southeast Asia. This led to the U.S. to abandon their support for non-interventionism, declaring war on Japan and entering World War II.
This speech was given to the people by Roosevelt to show that he had declared a state of war, due to the actions of the Empire of Japan. He stated “As commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I have directed that all measures be taken for our defense. But always will our whole nation remember the character of the onslaught against us.” (para 10) He gave the speech to show that we the people of the United States had to ban together and overcome this devastation. This is how Roosevelt gave the people the belief that there was value to the declaration of war. In his speech Roosevelt stated “It will be recorded that the distance of Hawaii from Japan makes it obvious that the attack was deliberately planned many days or even weeks ago.
The only real problem that prevented the Japanese from surrendering was the unconditional surrender the Americans demanded. The Japanese thought the emperor to be descended from the sun god and would protect the emperor at any cost. If President Truman had agreed to leave the emperor alone and taken more time to negotiate Japan’s surrender, they probably would have. Instead, after the testing of the first atomic bomb, it was decided after a few days that Japan would be bombed. Even if Truman had decided to use the bomb, there was no reason to bomb Hiroshima.
The Destruction of Pearl Harbor There has never been an event that has shaped the American spirit like the 1941 aerial attack made by the Japanese on Pearl Harbor in Honolulu, Hawaii. The Japanese gave a horrific blow to the American Pacific fleet and the Honolulu community by killing more than 1,500 civilians and soldiers. This historic event gave forth a new perspective and idea on preserving the safety of the American nation. In a time of devastating warfare, the pride of American society was to be put to the ultimate test. [Kluckholn] When the United States set a trade embargo in place with Japan five months prior, it infuriated the oil-deprived empire to set in action the assault on Pearl Harbor.
The president called December 7, 1941 “a date which will live in infamy,” describing the attack as “unprovoked and dastardly.” After the president asked congress to declare war on the Japanese Empire. With no doubt congress passed the war against Japan, also Britain declared war on Japan. For the citizens of America the attack on pearl harbor was an unpleasant experience. It was just like a normal day at work, quite and peaceful. Since it was a sunday, the majority of workers were not present at the naval base.