Amoxicillin Antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections Diarrhoea, feeling sick and vomiting are the most common side effects. Some people get a fungal infection such as thrush after treatment with antibiotics for a longer period of time. More serious side-effects of antibiotics include kidney problems, blood disorders, increased sensitivity to the sun and deafness. However, these are rare. Antidepressants e.g.
Unit 4222-616 Administer medication to individuals and monitor the effects Outcome 1 1) Identify current legislation, guidelines policies and protocols relevant to the administration of medication. Legislations, policies and protocols that are relevant to the administration of medication include the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, COSHH, the Medicines Act, the Misuse of Drugs Act, the Health and Social Care Act. Outcome 2 1) Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects. Aspirin - relieves minor aches and pains. Reduces fever and is an anti inflammatory.
2 Know about common types of medication and their use 2.1 Describe common types of medication including their effects and potential side effects Common types of medication are: • Antibiotics – these treat infection – side effects are diarrhoea, bloating, sickness, indigestion and abdominal pain. • Antidepressants – treats depression or other mental health problems – side effects are blurred vision, diarrhoea, dizziness, loss of appetite, sweating sickness and feeling agitated • Analegsics – used to relive pain – side effects are sickness, nausea, dry mouth and drowsiness 2.2 Identify medication which demands the measurement of
Outcome 5 Be able to administer and monitor individuals’ medication 1. select the route for the administration of medication, according to the patient’s plan of care and the drug to be administered, and prepare the site if necessary Oral medication The majority of medicines are formulated for oral administration. This means they are to be taken via the mouth, in the form of a tablet, capsule, liquid or suspension. These medicines come in a variety of shapes and sizes, colours and taste. Inhalation administration This method is used mostly for patients who have chronic respiratory problems such as asthma. This enables the medicine to be delivered to the site where it is most needed – the lungs.
POM- Prescribtion only medicines OTC or P- over the counter or pharmacy medicines GSL- General sales list CD- Controlled Drugs 3. Explain how and why policies and procedures or agreed ways of working must reflect and incorporate legislative requirements. All care establishments should have a medicines policy to give care workers and nurses’ guidance on procedures for medicines management including: Storage and ordering/disposal procedure • Medicines error/incident management • Covert medicines/consent * Non prescribed medicines * Administration of creams and nutritional supplements • PRN medicines (medicine taken occasionally as required Outcome 2 Know about common types of medication and their use 1. Identify common types of medication. Antibiotic | Amoxicillin | Analgesic | Paracetamol | Antacid | Gaviscon | Anticoagulant | Warfarin | Diuretic | Furosemide | Antihypertensive | Ramipril | Laxative | Lactulose | Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory | Aspirin | 2. list conditions for which each type of medication may be prescribed 3. describe changes to an individual’s physical or mental well-being that may indicate an adverse reaction to a medication Outcome 3 Understand roles and responsibilities in the use of medication in social care settings 1.
The mild bacterial infections can be treated with oral or topical infections. The more severe infections are treated with antibiotic infections. There are a number of side effects that are more common than others in individuals on antibiotics. These side effects can affect one in ten people and cause mild disruption to
For those with moderate to severe psoriasis, prescription drugs can be used, variously to slow skin cell division, suppress the immune system, and calm inflammation, and these require blood tests and blood pressure monitoring. For more severe cases, including those of psoriatic arthritis, fortnightly biological injections work to block the action of certain immune cells (or the
Arthritis affects the joints and surrounding areas, including muscles, membrane linings and cartilage. It causes painful inflammation, heat, swelling, pain, redness of skin and tenderness in the affected areas. Cortisone-type drugs provide dramatic pain relief for short periods but decrease in effectiveness if used over time. The side effect of these drugs include nausea, restlessness, insomnia, dizziness, headache, depression and mood swings, irregular heartbeat, and menstruation problems. Several cannabinoids have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, a combination particularly helpful for arthritic people.