Adlerian Theory and Existential Theory
Adlerian Theory is a growth model. It focuses on the feelings of self that arise from interactions and conflicts. It stresses a positive view of human nature and that we are in control of our own fate and not a victim to it. We start at an early age in creating our own unique style of life and that style stays relatively constant through the remained of our life. That we are motivated by our setting of goals, how we deal with the tasks we face in life, and our social interest. (Corey 2011)
A major function of the therapist is to make a comprehensive assessment of the client’s functioning. He or she will gather family history and will use information about a client's behavior patterns to help the client set new, socially satisfying, and attainable goals. Information is gathered on the client’s family constellation, this gives a picture of the individual’s early social world. . Therapists also use early recollections as a diagnostic tool. These are single incidents from childhood that we are able to re-experience. These memories provide a brief picture of how we see ourselves and others and what we anticipate for our future. These early recollection are analyzed and interpreted. The therapist then identifies some of the major successes and mistakes in the client’s life. This is called a lifestyle assessment when all is finished the counselor and client have goals for therapy. (Corey 2011)
In counseling clients explore the concepts about self, others, and life that constitute the philosophy on which an individual’s lifestyle is based. The client is encouraged to think about their private logic, their concepts about themselves and others and the philosophy that their lifestyle is based on. They are encouraged to discover the purposes of behavior and symptoms and their basic mistakes associated with coping. The client will learn how to correct their faulty assumptions and conclusions about...