ADHD is a neurobiological condition. It is characterized by developmentally inappropriate levels of attention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. ADHD symptoms typically arise in childhood. Official diagnostic criteria state that the onset must occur before age 7. ADHD is broken up into3 primary subtypes: ADHA predominately inattentive type (ADHD I), ADHD predominantly hyperactive- impulse type (ADHD HI) and ADHD combined type (ADHD- C).
Children with ADHD often experience delays in independent functioning and may behave in ways like younger children. ADHD frequently co-occurs with other conditions such as depression, anxiety, or learning disabilities. There is no single test to lead to a diagnosis of ADHD. A comprehensive evaluation in needed to establish a diagnosis. Research indicates that ADHD tends to run in families and that the patterns of transmission are to a large extent genetic.
ADHD treatment includes: parent and child education about diagnosis and treatment, behavior management, medications and school programming and supports. Psychostimulants are the most widely used classes of medications to manage ADHD symptoms. Stimulant medications stimulate the frontal part of the brain that is not filtering out distractions as well as they should. The 3 most common types are methylpenidate (brand names: Concerta and Ritalin), amphetamine (brand name: Adderall), and dextroamphetamine (brand name: Dexadrine). Nonstimulants are often used when people do not do well on stimulants an example is, Straterra. Antidepressants are sometimes used for ADHD but not as often, to help with hyperactivity, anxiety or serious sleeping problems.
Medical and Nursing Management
* A thorough history including school performance and social functioning and the family health history including ADHD or any other mental health issues.
* A physical assessment including height, weight, blood pressure, hearing and vision as well as physical assessment for...