The aim of this paper is to discuss one of the most frequently diagnosed children psychiatric disorders, the Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). ADHD is diagnosed in 5.2% of children across all cultures and, therefore, counselors need to know how to treat this problem. First, the paper summarizes prevalence, origins, and symptoms of ADHD in children. Further, it considers the methods for accurately diagnosing ADHD, such as the Children’s Problem Checklist (CPC) or Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA). Counselors should be aware of the probability that children with ADHD have secondary problems and comorbid disorders. The evidence-based treatment consists of stimulant medication and behavioral interventions. The behavioral interventions that proved to be successful are Parent Behavior Training (PBT) and Behavioral Classroom Management (BCM). Social skills training has not been found to be effective by itself in treating ADHD, but children could benefit from it if it accompanies medication and behavioral interventions. From a biblical perspective, children with ADHD need a great amount of grace and patience from others the same way Jesus extends it.
Children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
The Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed children disorders today, which presents a challenge for counselors who need to devise an effective treatment. Once, it was thought that ADHD was a cultural construct with most cases found in the United States and Western societies in general. However, with improved diagnosis criteria, it has been recognized as a disorder present around the world and across all cultures (Moffitt & Melchior, 2007). Its prevalence in the child population worldwide is 5.2%, which means that one in 20 children could be labeled with this disorder (Polancyzk, de Lima, Horta, Biederman, & Rhode, 2007). Boys are about twice as likely to...