What is an attention deficit disorder?
“Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder or AD/HD is a neurobiological condition that affects 3%-5% of the school age population. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) published by the American Psychiatric Association describes three subtypes of AD/HD:
* Predominantly inattentive (may also be known as Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD)
* Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive (may also be known as ADHD)
* Combination of the two” http://adhd.kids.tripod.com/
How is AD/HD diagnosed?
By a qualified professional, such as a Psychologist, he/she must make diagnosis. A comprehensive evaluation will be done which will include psychologist obtaining “information from parents and teachers about the child’s behaviour, often using questionnaires and interviews.” (Flood ,2010).
Symptoms of ADHD include, but are not limited to, the following:
* Fails to give close attention to details
* Demonstrates difficulty sustaining attention to tasks or to play / Is easily distracted
* Has difficulty finishing tasks
* Exhibits difficulty organizing tasks
* Loses things necessary for activities (e.g., pencils, books, assignments)
* Fidgets with hands and feet or squirms often
* Has difficulty remaining seated / Runs about or climbs excessively when inappropriate (seems "motor-driven")
* Talks continually / Blurts out answers before questions are completed and often interrupts others
* Avoids tasks that require sustained mental effort (e.g. schoolwork or homework) (adhd. Kids.tripod)
* In addition to ADHD, many children such as Jack may have other conditions as “ well most commonly
* Difficulty with auditory perception.
* Specific language difficulties
* Conduct disorder
* Anxiety ,Depression “ (Flood 2010)
What treatment options are available?
“ADHD is usually treated using a combination of stimulant...