Adhd Essay

643 WordsJul 7, 20123 Pages
Concept Paper Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder When a person mentions Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) people often also associate Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) to be the same thing, which in which reality they are not. It is thought that only children and adolescents under age 18 are affected by this, but in all realism more adults over age 18 are truly affected. Scientifically speaking neurotransmitters in the brain are damaged, so thus causes the person with ADHD to become spontaneous and easily distracted. ADHD is recognized by three main symptoms hyperactive-impulsive, inattentive, and a combination of the both. For children to be diagnosed they must have at least six different symptoms such as inability to sit still or difficulty focusing. ADHD first came about in the early 1900’s when Sir George Still, with little research, stated that he felt this disorder could possibly be an inherited disease. In 1919 an influenza plague hit worldwide and the people who survived seemed to develop encephalitis, an irritation and swelling of the brain, after that brain damage from injury or disease became the new blame for ADHD, rather than heredity. This theory lasted almost 20 years before the scientists learned that stimulants could help control the symptoms of ADHD; therefore also stated that ADHD could be from mild brain damage. In order for Still to develop this idea he had to observe at least twenty children with different symptoms linked to ADHD including mood swings, while treating children with prescription amphetamines to help make them calmer. Today there are many different drugs on the market to “help” relieve symptoms of ADHD. This list can be extensive but include the most common Adderall, Concerta, Ritalin, and Vyvanse; these are stimulants that increase the neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain. Then there is Strattera

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