Adhd Essay

1800 WordsMay 8, 20128 Pages
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder normally beginning in childhood. According to the popular media the incidence of ADHD, along with its treatment via stimulant medication, is increasing extensively and is a major cause for concern. On the other hand, the scientific literature on the subject presents a more contradictory and conservative account of the apparent rise, its causes, and ramifications. ADHD is a well-established condition which includes concentration problems, over-activity and lack of self-control (Lilienfeld et al., 2012, pp.648). Its validity as a diagnosable condition is strong as it offers new information about the affected person. For example, its symptoms are unique and unaccounted for by other diagnoses and laboratory tests are likely to show clear areas of deficiency (Lilienfeld et al., 2012, pp.649). Furthermore, higher prevalence of the disorder within the family is predicted by the diagnosis, as is the ongoing difficulty in the development of the child into adulthood and their high responsiveness to stimulant medication (Lilienfeld, 2012 et al., pp.649). Therefore, ADHD is not just a label but a legitimate disorder which requires treatment, making the debate over its rising prevalence an important issue. The scientific literature on ADHD sheds light on the situation. A report by LeFever, Arcona and Antonuccio (2003) explains that diagnosis of ADHD is dependent on severity. Children whose ADHD symptoms are pronounced to the extent that they are statistically rare are considered to have ADHD. This is because no measurable biological indicators of the disorder have been identified. Therefore, the estimated prevalence is set at 3% to 5%, or approximately two standard deviations away from the mean. However, as ADHD is presumed to have a biological basis the real percentage could be larger. While

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