However, the many taxes passed by the British Parliament hindered their progress, upsetting the colonists. One of the first significant taxes was the Sugar Act of 1763, enacted by the british parliament, which added a tax to sugar bought by the colonists. This tax enraged the colonists because they enjoyed the use of sugar and they didn’t want to have to pay more for it. The colonists, in response, began to smuggle sugar and other goods. The british, in response to the smuggling, set up a court without a jury present and the presumption was that the colonists were guilty.
Because of the large debt left by the French and Indian War and the subsequent Seven Years War, Britain pushed a series of unwelcomed taxes and acts upon the American colonists that stripped them of their civil liberties. Such acts included the Sugar Act and Townshend Act, which taxed common household goods such as sugar, glass, paper, silk, and lead. In response to the British East India Company’s looming bankruptcy, British parliament passed the Tea Act, which allowed the company to bypass colonial merchants. The Quartering Act forced colonists to house British soldiers, and was seen as a reassertion of British authority over the colonies. The Stamp Act, which placed a tax on all printed items, angered colonists the most because it was passed with a blatant intention of raising revenue.
This gave colonists a sense of separation from Britain that exploded into war with a series of events starting at the Boston tea party and leading up to the battle in Concord. Each time Britain tried to gain hold of their colonies in America, the results backfired. Mercantilism was a way to keep American colonies in check but more so a means of monetary income. To Britain, their colonies were simply income of raw materials for production which equals money. To gain this money they had to export more goods than import.
Shortly after, the Stamp Act was passed through Parliament that required taxed and stamped paper on legal documents, publications, and playing cards. This tax had to be paid in hard money, which was difficult for people to do at the time. The majority of colonists felt wildly oppressed with taxes, saying they took away their liberty (Document H). Jointly, these two taxes caused damage to the economic relationship between Great Britain and North
Washington says that it would be asking for a favor to reduce taxes and than not claiming a right. In order for Britain to tax the Colonists according to Washington Parliament should write a petition and ask for the Colonists consent rather then “taxation without representation”. As time goes on and the Colonies become more and more resentful war breaks out between the Colonists and Great Britain and the battle for independence
The ship was attacked by colonist and then burned ship, making a the royal governor offer a reward for the identity of the criminals. The local Chief Justice refused to charge the men with any charges even if they were captured. Five days later, Thomas Hutchinson, Massachusets’ royal governor, stated that his pay will no longer be coming from local government, England will now be paying him and Court Judges. The colonist were livid at the recent attempts to control what local government they had established and leaders called out to them; in hopes of forming a Committee of Correspondence. By January 1773, over 80 Committees of Correspondence had been formed and an attempt for better communication with Northern colonies
After the failure of the Stamps Act, Parliament tried taxing other British imports such as sugar, in the Sugar Act, and tea, leading to the Boston Tea Party. In addition to the new taxes Britain was prohibiting new settlements in the west due to the possibilities of conflicts after the war (The Coming Independence,
The colonists couldn’t afford to pay many of the taxes imposed by Britain, and thought that they were unfair and unreasonable. For example, The Stamp Act taxed pretty much everything, like newspapers, bonds, leases, deeds, college diplomas, and even playing cards. Because of the colonists extremely opposition against this act, the British finally repealed it in 1766, but it didn’t take them long enough to replaced with the Declaratory Act. It stated that Britain had full authority to impose whatever taxation they wanted to. Another act that directly affected the colonist was the Quartering Act of 1765, requiring all colonists to provide provisions and housing, which could be the use of inns and empty buildings by the British troops under any circumstances.
This law kept money in the empire but hurt the pockets of the wealthy colonists mercantilist that depended on the shipping trade. Then when the French Indian War ended the King made them keep the treaties that had been made with the Indians and refused the rich merchants the right to expand and claim more land. The war had also left England in debt as most wars do, so England called on the colonist to pay taxes to help with their own defense. They did not single the American colonist out they asked this of all of their subjects in all the colonies under English rule. So in 1767 England passed the Townshend Acts which included the Revenue Act of 1767, the Indemnity Act, the Commissioners of Customs Act, the Vice Admiralty Court Act, and the New York Restraining Act.
There are many opinions on what historical event impacted the United States the most. Just about all events impacted the U.S. in some way, but in my opinion the American Revolution impacted the most because, without that event there would be no constitution. It started as all thirteen colonies joining together to break free from British ruling. The American Revolution consisted of many acts. One of the first acts done by Americans in December of 1773 was the Boston Tea Party, which was done to protest the British tax policies by dumping 342 crates of tea into the Boston Harbor.