Acquired Brain Injury

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Impact of acquired brain injury on individuals Common causes of an acquired brain injury include accidents (Motor Vehicle, crashes falls sporting) assault, stroke lack of oxygen to the brain and degenerative independent functioning. Individuals with ABI may experience a combination of difficulties with communication thinking ,physical functioning and control of their emotions and /or behaviour they may also experience changes to their memory function ability to concentrate ,plan and solve problems the person may tire easily lack motivation become self-centred and have reduce tolerance to stress. The outcomes and effects of ABI are different for each person and often depend on the cause, nature and severity of the injury. Some effects of…show more content…
How the patient copes with the injury has been found to influence the level at which they experience the emotionally complications correlated with ABI three coping strategies for emotions related to ABI have presented themselves in the research, approach-oriented coping, passive coping and avoidant coping. Approach-oriented coping has been found to be the most effective strategy, it has been negatively correlated with rates of apathy and depression in ABI patients, this coping style is present in individuals who consciously work to minimize the emotional challenges of ABI.Passive coping has been characterized by the person choosing not to express emotions and a lack of motivation which can lead to poor outcomes for the individual Increased levels of depression have been correlated to avoidance coping methods in patients with ABI this strategy is represented in people who actively evade coping with emotions. These challenges and coping strategies should be kept in consideration when seeking…show more content…
Research has found that ABI patients use an increased number of memory aids after their injury than they did prior to it and these aids vary in their degree of effectiveness. One popular aid is the use of a diary, studies have found that the use of a diary is more effective if it is paired with self-instructional training; this was related to more frequent use of the diary over time and proved to be more successful as a memory
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