When Hector faced up to Achilles with his last dying breath, he wanted an honorable burial from his people. However, Achilles refused this request and rather torture Hector’s dead body on his chariot which is a display of disrespect and dishonor. Later on, the Gods intervened and persuaded Achilles to return the body to Priam. Achilles in some situations, due to his rage, refused to fight with the other greek armies and wanted them to fall back. Achilles seems to be more independent and want things to go his way.
The feud between Agamemnon and Achilles, the greatest of the Greek warriors, was depicted at the beginning of both works and was very important in creating the epic hero. Since Achilles despised Agamemnon, he refused to fight the Trojans and join the war, which resulted in many deaths among the Greeks (Spark Notes: The Iliad). Achilles rage towards Agamemnon swifts towards the Trojans when Patroclus is killed by Hector; the mightiest Trojan warrior. In the poem, Patroclus is Achilles’ friend, but in the movie, he is Achilles’ cousin. Even though the bond between a family member is usually closer than a bond between a friend, the bond depicted through both works was notably the same; strong, close, and loving.
The meaning of this stanza could be that she would rather look upon the face of her lover than see the chariots of battle. Unlike men, who according to Sappho, who would much rather go to war than be with their lovers. The evidence to support this statement is implied through other Greek poetry, such as Aristophanes’ Lysistrata. In Aristophanes’ Lysistrata the tension between men and women is the main focus of the drama. The women are frustrated that their men are not being attentive to their needs, and the men are frustrated that the women are not meeting their sexual needs.
Zeus hated people who saw themselves in a pompous manner like when Polyneices tried to motivate the Argive army with boasts of greatness for example. Zeus was also mentioned when the chorus says, “Loom upon Oedipus’ children: generation from generation takes the compulsive rage of the enemy god. So lately this last flower of Oedipus’ line.” (Sophocles 506). The enemy god is indeed Zeus who first cursed King Laius. The chorus reveals this to Antigone, but she is already aware of it and is willing to accept it.
Aristotle said that the man who is incapable of working in common, or who in his self-sufficiency has no need of others, is no part of the community, and is like a beast or a god. Discuss the character of Achilles in light of this statement. Use plenty of examples, details, references, and quotations in the response. Achilles is a very important character of Iliad. He was very brutal: "Would to god my rage, my fury would drive me now / to hack your flesh away and eat you raw"(22.408-409).
A tragic hero is virtuous character in a dramatic tragedy that is destined for a downfall. The hero learns from his mistakes and is the protagonist in the story. To be a tragic hero the character must display the elements of a Greek tragedy. In the play ‘Antigone' by Sophocles, Creon forbids Polynices to be buried because he fought with his brother for the throne and wanted the throne to destroy Thebes. Antigone; Polynices sister tries to bury him and Creon has her captured for a punishment.
Unfortunately, there are a significant number of times in The Odyssey where the god’s interference is meant to hinder Odysseus. One Greek god who severely inhibits Odysseus’ journey home is Poseidon. This sea-god, angered when Odysseus harmed the Cyclops (which was a child of Poseidon) causes him to experience awful storms and lose all of his crewmen. Poseidon is actually considered Odysseus’ main nemesis, and he continually wrecks Odysseus’ plans to return home, or intervenes in his affairs to cause the hero strife. Another god, Calypso, was strangely cruel to Odysseus; madly in love with him, she held Odysseus captive for seven years and severely delayed his return home.
What made Achilles such an honorable hero was the fact that he fought for his own pride, not the desire to conquer the war. Although throughout the war, Achilles character flaws impede his ability to fight and act with integrity. His insurmountable rage is the epitome of these flaws, showing vibrantly through his rage for Agamemnon and ultimately destroying his integrity. His never ending lust for glory is the reason why his rage surmounts from a poisoned pride, which is his real Achilles’ heel. This arrogance leads him to becoming slightly obsessed with retaining his pride and not letting anyone slight his bravado.
His anger stems from his contempt and jealousy against Agamemnon, a commander in the Achaean army, after he claims his prize in war, a woman named Chryseis. Although he has already claimed another woman as his own, Briseis, Achilles refuses to step down until he can obtain both women and restore his honor. Agamemnon's actions insult Achilles, and Chryseis is returned safely to her father only once he gives up Briseis. Achilles prays to his mother Thetis in hopes that she would convince Zeus to punish the Achean army. This is one of many examples of how Achilles, an honorable and feared man, indulges in selfish behaviors because of the power he holds above others and his fear of losing the glory he feels only he deserves.
Hubris destroys people, it can blind people to the reality of their situation and leads them to their downfalls as shown by the characters in Sophocles’ plays Antigone and Oedipus Rex. By looking at Oedipus and Creon, the careful reader can see how the excessive pride of each character leads them to their doom. In the play Oedipus Rex an example of Oedipus’ excessive pride is when he is asked to move aside by the former King of Thebes, Laios and Oedipus refuses. Oedipus’ pride overwhelms him and drives him into a murderous rage, as Sophocles illustrates, “the groom leading the horses forced me off the road at his lords’ command; but as the chariot lurched over towards me I struck him in my rage …He was paid, back and more!” (Oedipus Rex 43). In his rage, Oedipus kills the old man and his fellow travelers.