Achilles Rage Essay

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Rage: The founding stone of The Iliad. Rage is the emotion around which the story of Iliad revolves. The story goes ahead because of rage, to certain extent. Honor was of utmost importance to the Greek people. No man would give up his honor at any cost. No gifts and prizes could be enough to compensate for lost honor and pride. When a man who looses his honor or feels that he is disrespected he is filled full of rage. And this is exactly what happened with the God like Achilles, when Agamemnon dishonored him. Achilles rage goes through different phases during the course of the Iliad. Also the reason for his rage differs at different stages of the book, The Iliad. “Rage: Sing, Goddess, Achilles’ rage, Black and murderous, that cost the Greeks Incalculable pain, pitched countless souls Of heroes into Hades’ dark, And left their bodies to rot as feast For dogs and birds, as Zeus; will was done” (I,1-6) These are the lines with which the poem starts. It clearly indicates the effects of Achilles rage. The Greeks had to pay heavily for dishonoring Achilles. But in the poem at this point of time what drives the story is not Achilles rage, but it is the rage of Chryses. Chryses is in rage because Achilles had his daughter as his prize. He offers Agamemnon, the Greek king a huge treasure in return of his daughter, but Agamemnon bluntly refused the offer. Filled with rage Chryses prays to Lord Apollo. This fills the Lord with rage and he punishes the Greek camp. Later in book I Achilles asks Agamemnon to withdraw from the war, but he refuses. This make Achilles feel insulted and dishonored. Later Agamemnon agrees to free Chryses’s daughter for Achilles prize. This fills Achilles with rage. He considered Briseis, his war prize as something dear to him. She gave him pride and honor, and he might have been in love with her. This is because many times rage takes the place

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