Accrual and Cash Accounting

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Accrual and Cash Accounting XACC 290 October 5, 2014 Jana Rideout Accrual and Cash Accounting Introduction In business, there are many different forms and standards to accounting. These standards are governed by rules, laws, regulations and accurate accountability of a particular business account. There are some general differences between general and commercial basis accounting principles, also differences between accrual and cash basis accounting. Those differences will be looked at here. General and Commercial Basis Accounting Principles Generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) state the standard framework of guidelines for financial accounting used in any given jurisdiction; commonly known as standard accounting practice or accounting standards. These contain the rules, standards, and conventions that accountants practice in recording, summarizing and in the preparation of financial statements. Hubpages.com discusses commercial accounting, also known as profit accounting, defining that it performs mainly by profit and loss. The reporting for a profit organization is directed to the investors. ("The Principles of Commercial Accounting and Fund Accounting", 2011). Accrual vs. Cash Basis Accounting According to the readings, accrual base accounting is defined as in which businesses record, in the periods in which the actions occur, transactions that alter a company's financial statements, even if cash was not traded. In other words, it means that recorded or un-recorded, all dealings are taken and estimated into the overall balance. Cash Basis Accounting, in which an establishment accounts revenue only when it collects cash and an expense only when it pays out cash. This method means that accountants, only takes accountability of the physical cash that is exchanged. The differences, accrual is all transactions whether recorded, unrecorded, or

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