According to Margery Davies, What Were the Factors That Helped Make Clerical Work a Female Dominated Occupation by the Turn of the Century

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According to Margery Davies, What Were the Factors That Helped Make Clerical Work a Female Dominated Occupation by the turn of the century? The period after the Civil War family owned farms dwindled. Southners began to move North and America started an urbanization process. People who once struggled on farms were now attempting to be entrepreneurs or worked as laborers.As big business grew so did the need for accurate record keeping. Educated aspired to be in managorial position, while women did the majority of the clerical work. The invention of the typewriter aided women in being predominant in the clerical field. During this time of rapid urban expansion women were cheaper labor then men, which was good for the companies.clerical work was amongst the few unmasculated positions available to women. To go outside of a career suited for America was becoming industrialized , chores that had taken the efforts of the whole family were minimized. The bread once slaved over in the kitchen could now be bought along with clothes and other necessities People went from family owned farms to the small business arena,some with success. With the decreasing number of farms children could now go to school longer, some to completion and higher education. With the rapid expansion of capitalist and various other big businesses, record keeping increased causing a need for clerical workers.Women were a useful commodity for the growing business industry. The companies could pay women a lowersalary in comparison to men. It was a widespread conceptthat women did not need money to support families, so to give them an equal payrate to men was not necessary. Women were working for "pin money." Women had always been cheaper labor, but educated men did not want clerical positions.

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