This method I believe is more accurate in maintaining financial records at the end of the year and providing a better financial look into how a company is managing. Cash accounting is when companies record revenue only when cash has been received. Cash accounting even if the service was rendered if no cash was received the company will not record the expense. By only recording expenses when bills are paid, the company may be able to shift expenses into other periods in order to make the company look more profitable simply by manipulating when payments are made. This can make the financial statements misleading.
Accrual and Cash Basis Accounting Commercial accounting and generally accepted accounting principles, generally prescribe the accrual basis of accounting over the cash basis. Describe both bases of accounting and explain the differences. Cash basis is used mostly by small businesses where owners and creditors want a simple way to understand the financial statements. Cash basis is used when a company or creditors does not worry about the accuracy of the statements but just want to understand if there is profit or loss in the company. Revenues are recorded when cash is received and expenses are recorded when cash is payment.
Generally accepted accounting principles prescribe the accrual basis of accounting over the cash basis of accounting. The accrual basis of accounting measures the performance of a business by showing in detail every transaction regardless of when the funds are received. Cash basis of accounting only accredits earnings and expenses when money is really being paid out or received. The cash basis of accounting is a less expensive way of keeping records but the failure of using this method is that financing is very difficult because of inaccuracy. The big difference between accrual and cash basis of accounting is when one uses cash basis entries are recorded at the time payment is received.
Computed by deducting the cost of capital from the after-tax profit, it is said to be the best measure of the true profitability of an enterprise because it is tied to cash flow and not earnings per share. Many analysts would agree that EVA is more positively associated with a company’s stock price than ROE or EPS. Keith confirmed his findings with an industry analyst, which posed him with the decision of whether of not to implement this calculation into OSI accounting practices. Furthermore, would it be a beneficial tool to be used for evaluating the new manager’s incentive compensation plans? The EVA trend seems to be almost mandatory for the larger companies, but there is no reason that it shouldn’t work just as well for their smaller firm.
From an accounting prospective, the major problem with the calculations mentioned in the article is determining the rate of return and length of the marketing investment. While the initial value of the “investment”, i.e. marketing expense, can be easily determined, determining the real value after the investment has been made has the potential to be biased without a commonly used measurement. The value of the investment could also fluctuate from year to year based on the companies’ profitability even though marketing had not direct
Profit Sharing - Result controls may serve well with congruence between employees’ and company’s objectives, but employees take for granted the law-required 10% profit sharing of the company’s income and so their motivational effect seems little. Salary Increase – The semi-annually salary increase is subjective and irreversible, and so may be inconsistent with performance and fails to motivate employees to work harder. Internal competition – Although assigned the
The bid-ask spread is also a cost to the dealer. Reducing the bid-ask spread would make prices more competitive and also lower costs. Section 2 Strategy # Description 15 Better .02 Match Depth All Full No Inv MgmtBid price is 0.02 more than the other dealers bid price. Ask price is 0.02 less than the other dealers ask price. 16 Inventory Management in Depth Cutoffs = 30 When the cum.
The fed has to set a lower reserve requirement, which allows banks to loan out more money, which generates more interest, which could lead to periods of inflation and could have worse consequences if the government does not react quickly enough. Inflation would decrease the purchasing power of an individual's money, which would lead to more saving and less spending. (Fried) Less spending would mean less money being injected into the circular flow of our economy and would lead to economic crisis. However, many critics also use this to determine how national debt does not have a huge impact on the economy. A huge national debt has no effect on the money market.
Cash Basis and Accrual Basis Cash basis is an accounting method wherein revenues are recognized when cash is received and expenses are recognized when paid. This method is inferior to the accrual basis of accounting where revenues are recognized when they are earned and expenses are matched to revenues or the accounting period when they are incurred, rather than paid. The cash basis of accounting is usually followed by individuals and small companies, but is not in compliance with accounting's matching principle. It does not conform with the provisions of GAAP and is not considered a good management tool because it leaves a time gap between recording the cause of an action, sale or purchase, and its result of payment or receipt of money. It is, however, simpler than the accrual basis accounting and quite suitable for small organizations that transact business mainly in cash, which is also called cash accounting.
It might have been wise to wait before going ahead with the price cut from $39.95 to $29.95 because of the following reasons 1. Reduction of commission may start the price war by offering even less than $8 by some of its competitors, as the analyst believe that the marginal cost of completing a trade was between $3 to $5 2. New offering i.e. $ 29.95 may not be able to retain and attract the very price sensitive customer segment because they are trading on self directed basis. They may not be willing to pay for advice/ additional services in new offering 3.