Academic Essays

2820 WordsAug 7, 201412 Pages
FINAL PROJECT C.5. BIOGRAPHICAL PAPER Table of Contents Introduction 3 FW Taylor’s Theory of Scientific Management 3 Critical analysis of Principle 1 4 Critical analysis of Principle 2 5 Critical analysis of Principle 3 6 Critical analysis of Principle 4 7 Conclusion 9 References: 10 Introduction As increasing organizational efficiency is the main goal of every company, management theorists have made much effort to pursue this goal. Scientific management (also called Taylorism). is a management theory that rationalizes and standardizes production techniques, with the objective of improving efficiency and productivity (Sheldrake 1996).. This theory was developed by Frederick Winslow Taylor and published in The Principles of Scientific Management. He formalized the relationships between workers and their jobs, and redesigned the work process. This idea has been widely adopted and it is now claimed that “Scientific Management, at age 100, is alive, well, and poised for the next century.” (Greco 1999 pp28). In other words, Taylorism forms the core of organizations. This project will first briefly outline the principles of Taylorism, and then critically assess how they have influenced the management of contemporary organizations. FW Taylor’s Theory of Scientific Management Initially, Frederick Taylor was an industrial engineer and was interested in practical outcomes. He observed workers at work, and made accurate measurement of what they did in a time-and-motion study (Ellis 2000).. By conducting this study, Taylor discovered that much resource was wasted and a one-best way in performing the task should be found in a scientific analysis. After years of experiments, Taylor proposed four principles to determine optimal production methods. Replace rules-of-thumb with methods based on a scientific study of the tasks. Cooperate with the

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