Academic Essay

1281 WordsMar 10, 20136 Pages
Thalassaemia Definition | Blood disorder passed down through families (inherited) in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. The disorder results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, which leads to anemia. | Risk factor | Family history - Thalassemias are inherited, that is, the genes for the disorders are passed from parents to their children. If parents have missing or altered hemoglobin-making genes, children may have thalassemia.Ancestry -Thalassemias occur most often among people of Italian, Greek, Middle Eastern, Southern Asian, and African descent | Symptoms | The most severe form of alpha thalassemia major causes stillbirth (death of the unborn baby during birth or the late stages of pregnancy).Children born with thalessemia major (Cooley's anemia) are normal at birth, but develop severe anemia during the first year of life.Other : * Bone deformities in the face * Fatigue * Growth failure * Shortness of breath * Yellow skin (jaundice) | Prevention | Thalassemias can't be prevented because they're inherited (passed from parents to children through the genes). However, prenatal tests can detect these blood disorders before birth. | Treatment | Treatment for thalassemia major often involves regular blood transfusions and folate supplements.If you receive blood transfusions, you should not take iron supplements. Doing so can cause a high amount of iron to build up in the body, which can be harmful.Persons who receive significant numbers of blood transfusions need a treatment called chelation therapy to remove excess iron from the body.A bone marrow transplant may help treat the disease in some patients, especially children. | Osteoarthritis Definition | It is also caused by 'wear and tear' on a joint. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It causes

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