Abu Simbel Essay

1219 WordsAug 9, 20125 Pages
“The 20th Century introduced the idea of world heritage and the protection there-of. The significance of protecting this heritage transcends all political and geographical boundaries.” This statement is part of the reason for the rescue of the Abu Simbel temples, built in southern Egypt, as the temples are considered a world heritage site, so considering the fact of having to protect and look after them. The 1972 World Heritage Convention also took part in the late idea for the rescue as it is concerned with the protection of the world’s cultural and natural heritage. Abu Simbel is one of the world’s most profound world heritage sites. Located in Nubia in the southern part of Egypt, Abu Simbel is in the western bank of Lake Nasser, two hundred and eighty kilometers southwest of Aswan. The two immense temples were carved out of a mountainside during the time of influence of Pharaoh Ramses II, the construction began around 1264BC taking 20 years to complete. This temple was built as a monument to Pharaoh Ramses II, himself, and his wife Nefertari to memorialize his alleged victory at the battle of Kadesh and to impress their southern neighbours. The two temples face east and Re-Horakhty, the sun god, is shown inside directly above the entrance. The reason the temples are placed in such a position is that twice a year the suns rays reach a certain point to illuminate the ancient gods Ptah, Amun-Re, Ramese II and Re-Horakhty. The need for the rescue and relocation of this site was to escape the rising waters of the world’s largest artificial lake, Lake Nasser. The consequence of the construction of the Aswan High Dam. As the 20th century introduced the idea of world heritage and the protection of them, this thought trigged to the idea of moving and repositioning temples to avoid being submerged under lake Nasser’s water. There were various different ideas of

More about Abu Simbel Essay

Open Document