Abstract Expressionism Essay

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Abstract expressionism was first used as a term in art in 1919, when an Berlin artist Wassily Kandinsky works was described as abstract, but the real movement of abstract expressionism art didn’t really take off until after World War II, (1950’s), putting New York City, in the center of the art world. Abstract Expressionism began as a combination of emotional intensity and self-expression, and action painting.
In 1943, Arshile Gorky (1904-1948) painted “Garden of Sochi. Which is the third in a series of paintings of his childhood memories.
Jackson Pollock (1912-1956) used action as a form of abstract expressionism, in which paint is spontaneously splashed, smeared or dribbled on canvas. In 1949, James Pollock used the dribbled technique for his “the death of Euclid.” Which is one of his most recognized pieces. He used his whole body while painting this piece.
While William de Kooning (1907-1997), was known for his violent and grotesque subject matter. He’s painting “woman and Bicycle”, he painted a picture of a large woman whose throat is slashed.
Pop art which is short for popular art came about in the mid 1950’s in Britain, it was known also as the visual movement. It migrated to the United States by the early 1960’s. This movement was based on ordinary objects, everyday objects and/or items that are easy recognized such as logos, fashion and advertising, things that one would see in magazines.
Andy Warhol (1928-1987), was an American leading artist in the pop movement. One of his noted pieces is the advertisement for Campbell’s soup (1968). He was well noted for is pop art of Marilyn Monroe and the Eight Elvis’s. He used silk screening and bright colors most often, even when he painted images of suicide, car crashes and disasters. He actually did a painting in which he prepared the canvas with copper paint and oxidized it with urine.
1955, Richard Hamilton

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